Caricature

A portrait in which a person is mocked or ridiculed by the distortion or exaggeration of their characteristic features. Political caricature as we know it today was made popular by artists such as Gillray and Rowlandson at the end of the eighteenth century when it was used as a political weapon.

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King George III, by Thomas Rowlandson, published by  I. Jones, published 10 December 1781 - NPG  - © National Portrait Gallery, London

King George III
by Thomas Rowlandson, published by I. Jones
published 10 December 1781
NPG D12289

'A sphere, projecting against a plane' (William Pitt; Albinia, Countess of Buckinghamshire)
by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
published 3 January 1792
NPG D12438

R-y-l Condescension - or a Foreign Minister admonished! - April 1817, by George Cruikshank, published by  George Humphrey, published 15 September 1817 - NPG  - © National Portrait Gallery, London

R-y-l Condescension - or a Foreign Minister admonished! - April 1817
by George Cruikshank, published by George Humphrey
published 15 September 1817
NPG D17897

Joseph Boruwlaski, by Sir Edwin Henry Landseer, 1830-1835 - NPG  - © National Portrait Gallery, London

Joseph Boruwlaski
by Sir Edwin Henry Landseer
1830-1835
NPG 3097(8)

Hon. Henry Richard Graves, by Hon. Henry Richard Graves, 1848 - NPG  - © National Portrait Gallery, London

Hon. Henry Richard Graves
by Hon. Henry Richard Graves
1848
NPG D18085(25)

William Ewart Gladstone, by Carlo Pellegrini, published in Vanity Fair 6 February 1869 - NPG  - © National Portrait Gallery, London

William Ewart Gladstone
by Carlo Pellegrini
published in Vanity Fair 6 February 1869
NPG 1978

Abdul Aziz, by James Jacques Tissot, published in Vanity Fair 30 October 1869 - NPG  - © National Portrait Gallery, London

Abdul Aziz
by James Jacques Tissot
published in Vanity Fair 30 October 1869
NPG 4707(1)

Prince Charles, by Mark Boxer, 1981 - NPG  - © estate of Mark Boxer

Prince Charles
by Mark Boxer
1981
NPG 5920(6)

Spencer Compton Cavendish, 8th Duke of Devonshire, by Sir Francis Carruthers Gould (

Spencer Compton Cavendish, 8th Duke of Devonshire
by Sir Francis Carruthers Gould ('F.C.G.')
1890s?
NPG 2834

Sir Henry Morton Stanley, by Sir Henry Maximilian (

Sir Henry Morton Stanley
by Sir Henry Maximilian ('Max') Beerbohm
1897
NPG 3857

Enoch Powell, by Gerald Scarfe, 1971 - NPG  - © Gerald Scarfe

Enoch Powell
by Gerald Scarfe
1971
NPG 6475

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