Carte-de-visite

These were small cards, the size of a formal visiting card about 4 1/2 x 2 1/2 inches (11.4 x 6.3 cm), with a black-and-white photograph attached, often of a celebrity. They were invented in 1854 by A.A.E. Disderi and were hugely popular in the 1860s and often collected in Victorian portrait albums. The backs of the cards were normally printed with the photographer's name, address and insignia.

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Florence Nightingale, by William Edward Kilburn, circa 1856 - NPG  - © National Portrait Gallery, London

Florence Nightingale
by William Edward Kilburn
circa 1856
NPG x46634

Isambard Kingdom Brunel, by Robert Howlett, published by  London Stereoscopic & Photographic Company, November 1857 - NPG  - © National Portrait Gallery, London

Isambard Kingdom Brunel
by Robert Howlett, published by London Stereoscopic & Photographic Company
November 1857
NPG x4836

Philip Stanhope, 5th Earl Stanhope, by Disdéri, circa 1860 - NPG  - © National Portrait Gallery, London

Philip Stanhope, 5th Earl Stanhope
by Disdéri
circa 1860
NPG Ax30358

Johann II, Prince of Liechtenstein, by Camille Silvy, 1860 - NPG  - © National Portrait Gallery, London

Johann II, Prince of Liechtenstein
by Camille Silvy
1860
NPG x74548

Therese Titiens (Johanna Therese Carolina Tietjens), by Adolphe Paul Auguste Beau, 1860s - NPG  - © National Portrait Gallery, London

Therese Titiens (Johanna Therese Carolina Tietjens)
by Adolphe Paul Auguste Beau
1860s
NPG x74495

Rose Leclercq, by Southwell Brothers, 1860s - NPG  - © National Portrait Gallery, London

Rose Leclercq
by Southwell Brothers
1860s
NPG x74531

Therese Titiens (Johanna Therese Carolina Tietjens), by Adolphe Paul Auguste Beau, 1860s - NPG  - © National Portrait Gallery, London

Therese Titiens (Johanna Therese Carolina Tietjens)
by Adolphe Paul Auguste Beau
1860s
NPG x74495

Kalulu (Ndugu M

Kalulu (Ndugu M'hali)
by Henry Morris
1870s
NPG x76514

Sir Henry Morton Stanley; Kalulu (Ndugu M

Sir Henry Morton Stanley; Kalulu (Ndugu M'hali)
by London Stereoscopic & Photographic Company
1872
NPG x45981

Jean Léon Gérôme, by Ferdinand Mulnier, late 1870s - NPG  - © National Portrait Gallery, London

Jean Léon Gérôme
by Ferdinand Mulnier
late 1870s
NPG Ax17864

Thomas Carlyle, by (Octavius) Charles Watkins, 1875 - NPG  - © National Portrait Gallery, London

Thomas Carlyle
by (Octavius) Charles Watkins
1875
NPG Ax5087

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