Cartoon

Originally this term referred to the full-scale preliminary sketch made for a painting. This outline, usually done in chalk or charcoal, was then transferred onto the easel-painting or fresco. Today, a cartoon is a humorous drawing or parody of people or events. It can be a series of drawings that tells a story, as in a strip cartoon.

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King Henry VIII; King Henry VII, by Hans Holbein the Younger, circa 1536-1537 - NPG  - © National Portrait Gallery, London

King Henry VIII; King Henry VII
by Hans Holbein the Younger
circa 1536-1537
NPG 4027

Caroline Amelia Elizabeth of Brunswick, by Sir George Hayter, 1820 - NPG  - © National Portrait Gallery, London

Caroline Amelia Elizabeth of Brunswick
by Sir George Hayter
1820
NPG 1695(a)

Alexander II, Emperor of Russia, by James Jacques Tissot, published in Vanity Fair 16 October 1869 - NPG  - © National Portrait Gallery, London

Alexander II, Emperor of Russia
by James Jacques Tissot
published in Vanity Fair 16 October 1869
NPG 4707(2)

Anthony Trollope, by Sir Leslie Ward, study for drawing published in Vanity Fair 5 April 1873 - NPG  - © National Portrait Gallery, London

Anthony Trollope
by Sir Leslie Ward
study for drawing published in Vanity Fair 5 April 1873
NPG 3915

John Edward Redmond, by Sir Leslie Ward, 7 July 1904 - NPG  - © National Portrait Gallery, London

John Edward Redmond
by Sir Leslie Ward
7 July 1904
NPG 2983

Harry Gordon Selfridge, by Powys Evans, circa 1930 - NPG  - © estate of Powys Evans

Harry Gordon Selfridge
by Powys Evans
circa 1930
NPG 5806

Frederick Edwin Smith, 1st Earl of Birkenhead, by Robert Stewart Sherriffs, 1929 - NPG  - © National Portrait Gallery, London

Frederick Edwin Smith, 1st Earl of Birkenhead
by Robert Stewart Sherriffs
1929
NPG 5224(4)

Norman Parkinson, by Mark Boxer, 1981 - NPG  - © estate of Mark Boxer

Norman Parkinson
by Mark Boxer
1981
NPG 5920(20)

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