Chromolithograph

Originating from lithography, chromolithography is a method for making multi-colour prints and includes all lithographs. Lithographers sought to find a way to print on flat surfaces with the use of chemicals instead of relief or intaglio printing. Depending on the number of colours present, a chromolithograph could take months to produce. To make what was once referred to as a “chromo”, a lithographer, using a finished portrait, gradually built and corrected the print to look as much like the painting in front of him, sometimes using dozens of layers. As a process it can be time-consuming and cumbersome, contingent upon the skill of the lithographer.

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Elizabeth (Berkeley), Margravine of Brandenburg-Ansbach-Bayreuth, after George Romney, published 1902 (1778) - NPG  - © National Portrait Gallery, London

Elizabeth (Berkeley), Margravine of Brandenburg-Ansbach-Bayreuth
after George Romney
published 1902 (1778)
NPG D34224

Thomas Becket, by and published by John Carter, published 1 July 1786 - NPG  - © National Portrait Gallery, London

Thomas Becket
by and published by John Carter
published 1 July 1786
NPG D23960

Queen Alexandra, by Unknown artist, circa 1863 - NPG  - © National Portrait Gallery, London

Queen Alexandra
by Unknown artist
circa 1863
NPG D10877

'Monarchical Devotion - "A Mighty Fortress is our God"'
by J. Keppler
published 1880
NPG D33659

Sir Redvers Henry Buller, by Zapp & Bennett, late 19th century - NPG  - © National Portrait Gallery, London

Sir Redvers Henry Buller
by Zapp & Bennett
late 19th century
NPG D1136

Fictitious portrait called Mary, Queen of Scots, after Unknown artist, late 19th century - NPG  - © National Portrait Gallery, London

Fictitious portrait called Mary, Queen of Scots
after Unknown artist
late 19th century
NPG D31826

Native American Chief, by Cavendish Morton, printed and published by  Raphael Tuck & Sons, 1903 - NPG  - © National Portrait Gallery, London

Native American Chief
by Cavendish Morton, printed and published by Raphael Tuck & Sons
1903
NPG x128856

Harry Gordon Selfridge, by Alick P.F. Ritchie, published in Vanity Fair 6 December 1911 - NPG  - © National Portrait Gallery, London

Harry Gordon Selfridge
by Alick P.F. Ritchie
published in Vanity Fair 6 December 1911
NPG D18063

James Herbert Gustavus Meredyth Somerville, 2nd Baron Athlumney, by Lester Howard Sacré, published 1918 - NPG  - © estate of Lester Howard Sacré / National Portrait Gallery, London

James Herbert Gustavus Meredyth Somerville, 2nd Baron Athlumney
by Lester Howard Sacré
published 1918
NPG D33966

Horatio Nelson, by Robert Sargent Austin, printed by  The Baynard Press, after  Lemuel Francis Abbott, published 1943 - NPG  - © reserved; collection National Portrait Gallery, London

Horatio Nelson
by Robert Sargent Austin, printed by The Baynard Press, after Lemuel Francis Abbott
published 1943
NPG D17806

Frank Hedges Butler, by Alick P.F. Ritchie, early 20th century - NPG  - © National Portrait Gallery, London

Frank Hedges Butler
by Alick P.F. Ritchie
early 20th century
NPG D18067

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