Electrotyping

A process invented in the mid-nineteenth century, using an electric current to deposit metal onto an object or cast. Electrotypes were often backed with other metals, such as lead, to give strength to the shell and make them as heavy as a cast sculpture. The development of this technique gave rise to the mass production of affordable works of art and decoration for the general public.

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King Edward II, by Elkington & Co, cast by  Domenico Brucciani, after  Unknown artist, 1877 (circa 1330s) - NPG  - © National Portrait Gallery, London

King Edward II
by Elkington & Co, cast by Domenico Brucciani, after Unknown artist
1877 (circa 1330s)
NPG 439

Edward, Prince of Wales, by Elkington & Co, cast by  Domenico Brucciani, after  Unknown artist, 1875 (circa 1377) - NPG  - © National Portrait Gallery, London

Edward, Prince of Wales
by Elkington & Co, cast by Domenico Brucciani, after Unknown artist
1875 (circa 1377)
NPG 396

Queen Mary I, after Jacopo da Trezzo, (circa 1555) - NPG  - © National Portrait Gallery, London

Queen Mary I
after Jacopo da Trezzo
(circa 1555)
NPG 446(1)

Anne of Bohemia, by Elkington & Co, cast by  Domenico Brucciani, after  Nicholas Broker, and  Godfrey Prest, 1873 (circa 1395-1397) - NPG  - © National Portrait Gallery, London

Anne of Bohemia
by Elkington & Co, cast by Domenico Brucciani, after Nicholas Broker, and Godfrey Prest
1873 (circa 1395-1397)
NPG 331

Lady Margaret Beaufort, after Pietro Torrigiano, (circa 1514) - NPG  - © National Portrait Gallery, London

Lady Margaret Beaufort
after Pietro Torrigiano
(circa 1514)
NPG 356

Hubert Le Sueur, after a medal attributed to Claude Warin, (1635) - NPG  - © National Portrait Gallery, London

Hubert Le Sueur
after a medal attributed to Claude Warin
(1635)
NPG 939

Queen Elizabeth I, by Unknown artist, 19th century (late 16th century) - NPG  - © National Portrait Gallery, London

Queen Elizabeth I
by Unknown artist
19th century (late 16th century)
NPG 446

Tom Sayers, by Morris Singer & Co Ltd, after  Angelo Francesco Bezzi, 1960 (before 1867) - NPG  - © National Portrait Gallery, London

Tom Sayers
by Morris Singer & Co Ltd, after Angelo Francesco Bezzi
1960 (before 1867)
NPG 2465a

William Buckland, by Elkington & Co, after  Henry Weekes, 1869 (1858) - NPG  - © National Portrait Gallery, London

William Buckland
by Elkington & Co, after Henry Weekes
1869 (1858)
NPG 255

Richard Porson, by Elkington & Co, after a bust by  Giovanni Domenico Giannelli, 1883 (1808) - NPG  - © National Portrait Gallery, London

Richard Porson
by Elkington & Co, after a bust by Giovanni Domenico Giannelli
1883 (1808)
NPG 673a

John Keats, by Elkington & Co, after  Benjamin Robert Haydon, 1884 (1816) - NPG  - © National Portrait Gallery, London

John Keats
by Elkington & Co, after Benjamin Robert Haydon
1884 (1816)
NPG 686b

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