Ink

Fluid used for writing, printing or drawing, or painting. Ink was traditionally made with ground lamp black or some other colouring matter and a solution of glue or gum, then moulded into dry sticks or blocks to be mixed with water. Two basic types of ink are available. Waterproof inks dry to a glossy film which can be overlaid with another medium. Non-waterproof inks give an effect of diluted watercolour, drying to a matt finish.

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James Jefferys, by James Jefferys, circa 1774-1775 - NPG  - © National Portrait Gallery, London

James Jefferys
by James Jefferys
circa 1774-1775
NPG 4669

John Keats, by Benjamin Robert Haydon, 1816 - NPG  - © National Portrait Gallery, London

John Keats
by Benjamin Robert Haydon
1816
NPG 3251

Sir Edward Ebenezer Kay, by Sebastian Evans, 7 March 1877 - NPG  - © National Portrait Gallery, London

Sir Edward Ebenezer Kay
by Sebastian Evans
7 March 1877
NPG 2173(15)

Spencer Compton Cavendish, 8th Duke of Devonshire, by Sir Francis Carruthers Gould (

Spencer Compton Cavendish, 8th Duke of Devonshire
by Sir Francis Carruthers Gould ('F.C.G.')
1890s?
NPG 2833

William Ewart Gladstone, by Philip William (

William Ewart Gladstone
by Philip William ('Phil') May
1893
NPG 2819

Charles Ginner, by Charles Ginner, 1940s - NPG  - © reserved; collection National Portrait Gallery, London

Charles Ginner
by Charles Ginner
1940s
NPG 4992

Sir Patrick Hastings, by Nicolas Clerihew Bentley, published 1948 - NPG  - © reserved; collection National Portrait Gallery, London

Sir Patrick Hastings
by Nicolas Clerihew Bentley
published 1948
NPG 4339

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