In sculpture modelling means the building up and shaping of a soft material such as clay, plaster or wax to create a form. Often making a model is the first stage in the sculptural process, leading to translation into bronze, plaster or lead, through casting. A framework called an armature can be used inside a model, giving support to create a larger work. In painting or drawing, modelling is the technique of giving objects on a flat surface a 3D appearance through shading and highlighting.

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Richard Reynolds, by Samuel Percy, circa 1817 - NPG  - © National Portrait Gallery, London

Richard Reynolds
by Samuel Percy
circa 1817
NPG 4674

Harold Macmillan, 1st Earl of Stockton, by Geoffrey Davien,  - NPG  - Photograph © National Portrait Gallery, London

Harold Macmillan, 1st Earl of Stockton
by Geoffrey Davien
NPG D2735

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