Panel

A rigid surface of metal, card or wood used to paint on. A wide range of prepared woods were used in the past, oak being the most traditional in much of Northern Europe. Panels were the most popular supports for easel-painting in Britain until canvas took over in the seventeenth century. Today a wide range of economical wood or composition boards are used as painting supports, either painted on direct or, more usually, primed with gesso, an egg emulsion or with an oil undercoat.

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King Edward IV, by Unknown English artist, circa 1540 - NPG  - © National Portrait Gallery, London

King Edward IV
by Unknown English artist
circa 1540
NPG 3542

Queen Mary I, by Master John, 1544 - NPG  - © National Portrait Gallery, London

Queen Mary I
by Master John
1544
NPG 428

Henry Howard, Earl of Surrey, by Unknown artist, after  William Scrots, circa 1570-1580s (1546) - NPG  - © National Portrait Gallery, London

Henry Howard, Earl of Surrey
by Unknown artist, after William Scrots
circa 1570-1580s (1546)
NPG 4952

Robert Dudley, 1st Earl of Leicester, by Unknown Anglo-Netherlandish artist, circa 1575 - NPG  - © National Portrait Gallery, London

Robert Dudley, 1st Earl of Leicester
by Unknown Anglo-Netherlandish artist
circa 1575
NPG 447

King James I of England and VI of Scotland, by Unknown artist, circa 1590 - NPG  - © National Portrait Gallery, London

King James I of England and VI of Scotland
by Unknown artist
circa 1590
NPG 1188

Unknown woman, formerly known as Florence Nightingale, by Augustus Leopold Egg, circa 1840s-1863 - NPG  - © National Portrait Gallery, London

Unknown woman, formerly known as Florence Nightingale
by Augustus Leopold Egg
circa 1840s-1863
NPG 1578

Robert Vernon, by George Jones, and  Henry Collen, 1848 - NPG  - © National Portrait Gallery, London

Robert Vernon
by George Jones, and Henry Collen
1848
NPG 4513

Frederick Burnaby, by James Jacques Tissot, 1870 - NPG  - © National Portrait Gallery, London

Frederick Burnaby
by James Jacques Tissot
1870
NPG 2642

Isaac Rosenberg, by Isaac Rosenberg, 1915 - NPG  - © National Portrait Gallery, London

Isaac Rosenberg
by Isaac Rosenberg
1915
NPG 4129

Queen Elizabeth II, by Pietro Annigoni, 1969 - NPG  - © National Portrait Gallery, London

Queen Elizabeth II
by Pietro Annigoni
1969
NPG 4706

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Johnson Gideon Beharry, by Emma Wesley, 2006 - NPG  - © National Portrait Gallery, London

Johnson Gideon Beharry
by Emma Wesley
2006
NPG 6803

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