Photogravure

A photomechanical printing process for reproducing photographs in large editions invented in 1879 by Karl Klic of Vienna. Similar to an etching process, it uses a polished copper plate upon which a fine resin dust is adhered by heat. The plate is etched with acid in differing depths in proportion to the tones of the picture, the shadows being the deepest and holding the most ink. The technique was used for reproductions of the work of many of the best-known pictorial photographers in the 1890s and 1900s.

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King George IV, published by William Heinemann, after  Sir William Beechey, late 19th or early 20th century (1798) - NPG  - © National Portrait Gallery, London

King George IV
published by William Heinemann, after Sir William Beechey
late 19th or early 20th century (1798)
NPG D33329

Anne Townshend (nee Montgomery), Marchioness Townshend, after Sir Joshua Reynolds, (1779-1780) - NPG  - © National Portrait Gallery, London

Anne Townshend (nee Montgomery), Marchioness Townshend
after Sir Joshua Reynolds
(1779-1780)
NPG D14344

'Countess de Grey as Cleopatra'
by W. & D. Downey, photogravure by Walker & Boutall
1899 (2 July 1897)
NPG Ax41225

Lady Edith Amelia Wolverton (nee Ward) as Britannia, by Lafayette (Lafayette Ltd), photogravure by  Walker & Boutall, 26 November 1897 - NPG  - © National Portrait Gallery, London

Lady Edith Amelia Wolverton (nee Ward) as Britannia
by Lafayette (Lafayette Ltd), photogravure by Walker & Boutall
26 November 1897
NPG Ax41044

Sir William Stephen Alexander Lockhart, by Sir Leslie Ward, published in Vanity Fair 8 September 1898 - NPG  - © National Portrait Gallery, London

Sir William Stephen Alexander Lockhart
by Sir Leslie Ward
published in Vanity Fair 8 September 1898
NPG D6769

Charles William Sherborn, after Arthur Ellis, 1899 (1898) - NPG  - © National Portrait Gallery, London

Charles William Sherborn
after Arthur Ellis
1899 (1898)
NPG D21212

Richard Everard Webster, Viscount Alverstone, published by The Graphic, after  John Seymour Lucas, published 21 June 1902 - NPG  - © National Portrait Gallery, London

Richard Everard Webster, Viscount Alverstone
published by The Graphic, after John Seymour Lucas
published 21 June 1902
NPG D7347

Charles Haslewood Shannon, by Alvin Langdon Coburn, 5 February 1907 - NPG  - © reserved; collection National Portrait Gallery, London

Charles Haslewood Shannon
by Alvin Langdon Coburn
5 February 1907
NPG Ax7780

William Strang, by James Craig Annan, published 1907 - NPG  - © National Portrait Gallery, London

William Strang
by James Craig Annan
published 1907
NPG P357

Thomas Hardy, by Emil Otto (

Thomas Hardy
by Emil Otto ('E.O.') Hoppe
1914
NPG P310

Pamela May, by Gordon Anthony, 1946 - NPG  - © reserved; collection National Portrait Gallery, London

Pamela May
by Gordon Anthony
1946
NPG x127353

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