One of the earliest materials used in sculpture, along with wood and clay, dating back to prehistoric times. Stones vary greatly in hardness, affecting their suitability for different types of carved sculpture. Granite is particularly hard and is often used for exterior works. Portrait sculpture tends to be made of softer rocks such as limestone or marble.

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Edward Thurlow, Baron Thurlow, by John Charles Felix Rossi, 1809 - NPG  - © National Portrait Gallery, London

Edward Thurlow, Baron Thurlow
by John Charles Felix Rossi
NPG 5238

Joseph Duveen, Baron Duveen, by Sir William Reid Dick, 1933 - NPG  - Photograph © National Portrait Gallery, London

Joseph Duveen, Baron Duveen
by Sir William Reid Dick
NPG 3062

Noel Gilroy Annan, Baron Annan, by Glynn Anthony Williams, 1993 - NPG  - © National Portrait Gallery, London

Noel Gilroy Annan, Baron Annan
by Glynn Anthony Williams
NPG 6220

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