Politics

Gillray's output was dominated by his political prints and it is probably through this aspect of his work that he is best known today. For most of his career he aimed his satires at government and opposition alike, criticising Whigs and Tories with equal venom. There was, however, a period in the late 1790s when he was paid a secret pension, or retainer, by William Pitt's Tory government. During this time he produced prints in association with George Canning's newspaper The Anti-Jacobin, published to oppose French revolutionary values. View of the hustings in Covent Garden (D12883) shows Richard Brinsley Sheridan being abused by the public during his campaign for election to Fox's seat after the latter's death.

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'Coalition dance' (Frederick North, 2nd Earl of Guilford; Charles James Fox; Edmund Burke)
by James Gillray, published by William Humphrey
published 5 April 1783
NPG D12334

'Balaam, - or the majesty of the people'
by James Gillray, published by William Humphrey
published 10 April 1783
NPG D12335

'The Times, Anno 1783'
by James Gillray, published by William Humphrey
published 14 April 1783
NPG D12336

'A block for the wigs - or, the new state whirligig'
by James Gillray, published by William Humphrey
published 5 May 1783
NPG D12340

'Remorse'
by James Gillray, published by Robert Wilkinson
published 13 May 1783
NPG D12341

'Banditti'
by John Boyne, published by Edward Hedges
published 22 December 1783
NPG D12343

'General Blackbeard wounded at the battle of Leadenhall'
by John Boyne, published by Edward Hedges
published 5 January 1784
NPG D12344

'Evening consolation' (Edmund Burke; Frederick North, 2nd Earl of Guilford; Charles James Fox)
by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
published 25 February 1785
NPG D12349

'L'enfant trouvé'
by James Gillray, published by Susannah Vivares
published 4 April 1785
NPG D12350

Charles James Fox ('Ahitophel in the dumps')
by James Gillray, published by William Humphrey
published 30 July 1785
NPG D12351

'Andrew Robinson Bowes Esqr. as he appeared in the Court of Kings Bench'
by James Gillray, published by Elizabeth Jackson
published 2 December 1786
NPG D12353

'The Dutch divisions'
by James Gillray, published by Samuel William Fores
published 23 June 1787
NPG D12354

'Paille d'Avoine, - paille d'Avoine'
by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
published 10 November 1786
NPG D12355

'Anticipation, or the approaching fate of the French Commercial Treaty'
by James Gillray, published by William Holland
published 1787?
NPG D12356

William Pitt ('The Minister endeavouring to eke out Dr Pr*ty***n's bisho-prick')
by James Gillray, published by R. Phillips
published March 1787
NPG D12357

William Petty, 1st Marquess of Lansdowne (Lord Shelburne)
by James Gillray, published by R. Phillips
published 12 March 1787
NPG D12358

'The board of controul, or the blessings of a Scotch dictator'
by James Gillray, published by R. Phillips
published 20 March 1787
NPG D12359

'Honi soit qui mal y pense'
by James Gillray, published by John Jarvis
published 2 April 1787
NPG D12360

'La belle assemblêe'
by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
published 12 May 1787
NPG D12361

'The Prince at Grasse'
by James Gillray, published by Samuel William Fores
published 2 June 1787
NPG D12362

'The Prince in Clover'
by James Gillray, published by Samuel William Fores
published 2 June 1787
NPG D12363

'The sick prince'
by James Gillray, published by Samuel William Fores
published 16 June 1787
NPG D12365

'The theatrical war'
by James Gillray, published by Samuel William Fores
published 30 June 1787
NPG D12366

'Foul play, or Humphreys and Johnson a match for Mendoza...' (Richard Humphries; Daniel Mendoza)
by Unknown artist, published by Samuel William Fores
published 18 January 1788
NPG D12370

Richard Howe, 1st Earl Howe ('Black-Dick turn'd taylor')
by James Gillray, published by George Humphrey
published 4 February 1788
NPG D12371

'Questions and commands; or, the mistaken road to He-r-f-rd; a Sunday evenings amusement'
by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
published 11 February 1788
NPG D12372

'There's more ways than one' (Charles James Fox; William Pitt; Edward Thurlow, Baron Thurlow)
by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
published 18 February 1788
NPG D12373

'Blood on thunder fording the Red Sea' (Edward Thurlow, Baron Thurlow; Warren Hastings)
by James Gillray, published by Samuel William Fores
published 1 March 1788
NPG D12374

Henry Dundas, 1st Viscount Melville ('Dun-Shaw')
by James Gillray, published by Samuel William Fores
published 7 March 1788
NPG D12375

'The Westminster hunt'
by James Gillray, published by Samuel William Fores
published 27 April 1788
NPG D12376

'Market day'
by James Gillray, published by Samuel William Fores
published 2 May 1788
NPG D12377

'The bow to the throne, - alias - the begging bow'
by James Gillray, published by Samuel William Fores
published 6 May 1788
NPG D12378

'Galante show' (Edmund Burke; Edward Smith Stanley, 12th Earl of Derby)
by James Sayers, published by Thomas Cornell
published 6 May 1788
NPG D12379

'Camera-obscura'
by James Gillray, published by Samuel William Fores
published 9 March 1788
NPG D12380

'State-jugglers'
by James Gillray, published by Samuel William Fores
published 16 May 1788
NPG D12381

'Opposition-'
by James Gillray, published by Samuel William Fores
published 20 May 1788
NPG D12382

'-Coaches'
by James Gillray, published by Samuel William Fores
published 20 May 1788
NPG D12383

'The butchers of freedom'
by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
published July 1788
NPG D12384

'Bubbles of opposition'
by James Gillray
published 19 July 1788
NPG D12385

'Mason, the Duke's confectioner, disposing of the trinkets'
by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
published 21 July 1788
NPG D12386

'Blood and co., setting fire to the tower, and stealing the crown'
by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
published 26 July 1788
NPG D12387

'Harry Jenkins, the masculine and feminine bellows mender'
by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
published 29 July 1788
NPG D12388

'John Bull, in a quandary' (Lord John Townshend; Samuel Hood, 1st Viscount Hood)
by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
published 31 July 1788
NPG D12389

'Election-troops, bring in their accounts, to the pay-table' (Edward Topham; William Pitt)
by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
published 14 August 1788
NPG D12390

'King Henry IVth the last scene'
by James Gillray, published by Samuel William Fores
published 29 November 1788
NPG D12391

Sir Joseph Mawbey, 1st Bt ('A pig in a poke. Whist, whist')
by James Gillray, published by Samuel William Fores
published 10 December 1788
NPG D12392

King William IV ('Nauticus')
by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
published 11 October 1791
NPG D12394

William Pitt ('The vulture of the constitution')
by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
published 3 January 1789
NPG D12395

Messenger Monsey ('Ornaments of Chelsea Hospital; - or - a peep into the last century')
by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
published 19 January 1789
NPG D12396

'Brunswick triumphant! or - the battle of the blood's, - pure, and contaminated'
by James Gillray, published by James Aitken
published 23 May 1789
NPG D12400

'A scene on Tuesday the 26th of May between a prince - and - a poltron'
by James Gillray, published by James Aitken
published 27 May 1789
NPG D12401

William Pitt
by James Gillray, published by John Harris
published 9 April 1789
NPG D12402

William Pitt
by James Gillray, published by John Harris
published 28 May 1789
NPG D12403

'The coward comforted, - or - a scene immediately after the duel'
by James Gillray, published by James Aitken
published 29 May 1789
NPG D12404

'Hyde-Park; - Sunday, - or - both hemispheres of the world in a sweat'
by James Gillray, published by James Aitken
published 1 June 1789
NPG D12405

'France freedom Britain slavery'
by James Gillray, published by James Aitken
published 28 July 1789
NPG D12406

'The generae of patriotism, - or - the Bloomsbury farmer, planting Bedfordshire wheat'
probably by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
published 3 February 1796
NPG D12407

'John-Bull, baited by the dogs of excise'
by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
published 9 April 1790
NPG D12408

Philip Thicknesse
by James Gillray, published by James Ridgway
published 14 September 1790
NPG D12410

'Bandelures' (King George IV; Maria Anne Fitzherbert (née Smythe); Richard Brinsley Sheridan)
by James Gillray, published by Samuel William Fores
published 28 February 1791
NPG D12412

'Oh! That this too too solid flesh would melt'
by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
published 20 March 1791
NPG D12413

Margaret's ghost' (Elizabeth Gunning; Susannah Gunning (née Minifie); Peg Minifie)
by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
published 25 March 1791
NPG D12414

'The accusing spirit which flew up to heavens chancery with the oath...'
by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
published 8 April 1791
NPG D12415

'Taming of the shrew : - Katharine & Petruchio : - the modern Quixotte, or what you will'
by James Gillray, published by Samuel William Fores
published 20 April 1791
NPG D12416

'Barbarities in the West Indias [Indies]'
by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
published 23 April 1791
NPG D12417

John Boydell ('The monster broke loose - or - a peep into the Shakespeare Gallery')
by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
published 26 April 1791
NPG D12418

'The impeachment, - or - 'the father of the gang, turnd Kings evidence''
by James Gillray, published by Samuel William Fores
published May 1791
NPG D12419

Thomas Paine
by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
published 23 May 1791
NPG D12420

'Britannia'
probably by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
published 25 June 1791
NPG D12421

'French democrats surprising the royal runaways'
by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
published 27 June 1791
NPG D12422

'The National Assembly petrified. The National Assembly revivified'
by James Gillray, published by Samuel William Fores
published 28 June 1791
NPG D12423

Sarah Archer (née West), Lady Archer ('The finishing touch')
by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
published 29 September 1791
NPG D12424

Albinia, Countess of Buckinghamshire ('La derniere ressource; - or - Van-Buchells garters')
by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
published 3 October 1791
NPG D12425

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