Kings and Queens: A Family tree

Follow the family tree of the Kings and Queens of England, from 871 to the present day.

The origins of kingship in England can be traced to the second century BC when Celtic and Belgic tribesmen, emigrated from continental Europe and settled in Britain displacing or absorbing the aboriginal inhabitants. The settlers established a number of tribal kingdoms, stretching as far north as Yorkshire, where the powerful Brigantes (from the area of modern Burgundy) and Parisii (whose name survives in the city of Paris, their original homeland) held sway.

The tree below displays linage from Celtic Britain before the Roman invasion to the Norman Conquest of 1066: the establishment of the Anglo-Saxon kingdoms, the coming of Christianity and the unification of England. The subsequent dynastic struggles of the Angevins and Plantagenets heralded the great age of English kingship under the Tudors and Stuarts, who united the crowns of Scotland and England, before the Hanoverians combined personal rule with parliamentary government, ushering in the modern age and the royalty of today.


Anglo - Saxons & Danes
871 - 1066
House of
Wessex
Alfred
the Great

King of Wessex
871-899
Edward
the Elder

899–925
Athelstan
King of the
Anglo-Saxons
925–939
Edmund I
The Magnificent

939-46
Edred
King of
England
946-955
House of
Knýtlinga
Eadwig (Edwy)
The Fair

King of England
955-959
Edgar I
The Peaceful

King of England
959-975
Sweyn
Forkbeard

King of Denmark, Norway and England
1013–1014
Edward
the Martyr

King of England
975-978
Ethelred II
The Unready

King of England
979–1013
-1014–1016
Canute
The Great

King of England
1016–1035
Harold II
Harold Godwineson

King of England
1022– 1066
Edmund II
Ironside

King of England
April - Nov 1016
Edward
The Confessor

King of England
1042–1066
Harold I
Harefoot

King of England
1035-1040
Harthacnut
(Canute the Hardy)

King of Denmark
King of England
1040-1042
Edward
the Exile
1016–1057
The Normans
1066 - 1154

Edward
the Exile
1016–1057
House of
Normandy
Margaret
Queen consort of
King Malcolm III
of Scotland
c.1045–1093
William I
The Conqueror

King of England
1066–1087
Matilda
Queen of England
of first consort
King Henry I
c.1080–1118
Henry I
King of England
1100-1135
Adela
c. 1067–1137
William II
Rufus

1087–1100
Matilda
c. 1102–1167
Stephen
1135–1154
The Angevins
1154 - 1216

Matilda
c. 1102–1167
Stephen
1135–1154
House of
Plantagenet
Henry II
1154–1189
Richard I
The Lionheart

1189–1199
John
'Lackland' or 'Softsword'
1199–1216
Henry III
1216–1272
The Plantagenets
1216 - 1399

Henry III
1216–1272
Edward I
Longshanks

1272–1307
Edward II
1307–1327
Edward III
1327–1377
House of
Lancaster
House of
York
Edward
of Wales
The Black Prince

1330–1376
John
of Gaunt
Duke of
Lancaster and Aquitaine

1340–1399
Edmund
of Langley
1st Duke
of York

1341–1402
Richard II
1377–1399
Henry IV
1399–1413
John
Beaufort
Earl of
Somerset

1373–1410
Richard
of Conisburgh
Earl of
Cambridge

c. 1375–1415
The House of Lancaster
1399 - 1461 and 1470 - 1471

The House of York
1461 - 1470 and 1471 - 1485

House of
Lancaster
House of
York
Edward
of Wales
The Black Prince

1330–1376
John
of Gaunt
Duke of
Lancaster and Aquitaine

1340–1399
Edmund
of Langley
1st Duke
of York

1341–1402
Richard II
1377–1399
Henry IV
1399–1413
John
Beaufort
Earl of
Somerset

1373–1410
Richard
of Conisburgh
Earl of
Cambridge

c. 1375–1415
Henry V
1413–1422
John
Beaufort
Duke of
Somerset

1404–1444
Richard
of York
3rd Duke
of York

1411–1460
Henry VI
1422–1461
1470–1471
Lady Margaret Beaufort
1443-1509
Richard III
1483–1485
Edward IV
1461–1470
1471–1483
House of
Tudor
Edward V
1483
The Tudors
1485 - 1603

Lady Margaret Beaufort
1443-1509
Edward IV
1461–1470
1471–1483
House of
Tudor
Henry VII
1485–1509
Elizabeth
of York

1466–1503
Edward V
1483
Margaret
Tudor

1489–1541
Henry VIII
1509–1547
Mary
Tudor

1553-1558
James V
of Scotland

1512–1542
Edward VI
1547–1553
Mary I
1553–1558
Philip II
of Spain

1527–1598
Elizabeth I
1558–1603
Frances
Grey

1517–1559
Mary
Queen of
Scots

1542–1587
Lady Jane Grey
Proclaimed Queen 1553
( 9 Days)
House of
Stuart
The Stuarts
1603 - 1649 and 1660 - 1714

Mary
Queen of
Scots

1542–1587
House of
Stuart
James I
1603-1625
Elizabeth
Elizabeth, Queen of Bohemia and Electress Palatine

1596–1662
Charles I
1625-1649
Sophia
Electress of Hanover

1630–1714
Charles II
1660-1685
Mary
Princess of Orange

1631–1660
James II
1685-88
House of
Hanover
William III
1688–1702
Mary II
1688–1694
Anne
1702–1714
House of Hanover
1714 - 1901

House of
Hanover
George I
1714-1727
William III
1688–1702
Mary II
1688–1694
Anne
1702–1714
George II
1727–1760
Frederick
Prince of
Wales

1707–1751
George III
1760–1820
George IV
(Prince Regent 1811-1819)
1820–1830
William IV
1830–1837
Edward
Duke of Kent and Strathearn

1767–1820
Victoria
1837–1901
House of Saxe Coburg-Gotha
1901 - 1910

Victoria
1837–1901
House of Saxe
Coburg-Gotha

Edward VII
1901–1910
George V
1910–1936
House of Windsor
1910 - Present Day

George V
1910–1936
House of
Windsor
Edward VIII
Duke of Windsor

1936
George VI
1936–1952
Elizabeth II
1952— Present Day


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