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63 People in sitter grouping: Holland House set

Holland House, a grand Jacobean mansion in Kensington built c.1605, was home to the Holland House set, which centred on its residents, Henry Richard Fox, 3rd Baron Holland and his wife Elizabeth Vassall Fox, Lady Holland. From 1797, until the death of Lady Holland in 1840, which had been closely preceded by the death of the Baron, the Holland's hosted an extraordinary group of politicians, writers, poets, historians and doctors- brought in to combat the Baron's extreme hypochondria. Membership of the set required a certain amount of talent and aristocratic breeding, and it became home to the key British and foreign intellectuals of the day, who gathered to dine and discuss history, literature and politics. With no strict religious agenda, the most common bond and topic of conversation at the evenings was often Whiggist politics and developments in government. The set was celebrated, long after its end, as Britain's closest thing to a continental salon, representing a strong political and social force.

Henry Grattan

1746-1820
Irish statesman
Sitter associated with 26 portraits

Charles Cavendish Fulke Greville

1794-1865
Diarist and clerk to the council
Sitter in 1 portrait

Charles Grey, 2nd Earl Grey

1764-1845
Prime Minister
Sitter associated with 166 portraits

Henry George Grey, 3rd Earl Grey

1802-1894
Secretary for the Colonies
Sitter associated with 33 portraits

George Grote

1794-1871
Historian and politician; MP for City of London
Sitter in 15 portraits

Henry Hallam

1777-1859
Historian
Sitter in 13 portraits

James Hare

1747-1804
Social celebrity and politician
Sitter in 2 portraits

Henry Richard Fox (later Vassall), 3rd Baron Holland

1773-1840
Whig statesman and patron of art and letters
Sitter associated with 51 portraits

Elizabeth Vassall Fox (née Vassall, formerly Webster), Lady Holland

1770-1845
Political and literary hostess
Sitter in 4 portraits

Francis Horner

1778-1817
Political economist
Sitter in 5 portraits

Francis Jeffrey, Lord Jeffrey

1773-1850
Scottish judge and critic; editor of the 'Edinburgh Review'
Sitter in 11 portraits

Lady Caroline Lamb

1785-1828
Novelist
Sitter in 2 portraits

Henry Petty-Fitzmaurice, 3rd Marquess of Lansdowne

1780-1863
Politician; Home Secretary, Chancellor of the Exchequer and Lord President of the Council
Sitter associated with 73 portraits

James Maitland, 8th Earl of Lauderdale

1759-1839
Scottish politician; author of 'Inquiry into the Nature and Origin of Public Wealth'
Sitter associated with 35 portraits

King Louis-Philippe I of France

1773-1850
King of France 1830-48
Sitter associated with 20 portraits

Thomas Babington Macaulay, Baron Macaulay

1800-1859
Historian, poet and whig politician; MP for several constituencies
Sitter in 26 portraits

Sir James Mackintosh

1765-1832
Philosopher
Sitter in 7 portraits

Edward Maltby

1770-1859
Bishop of Durham
Sitter in 1 portrait

William Lamb, 2nd Viscount Melbourne

1779-1848
Prime Minister
Sitter associated with 141 portraits

Thomas Spring Rice, 1st Baron Monteagle of Brandon

1790-1866
Whig politician; Chancellor of the Exchequer
Sitter associated with 81 portraits