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63 People in sitter grouping: Holland House set

Holland House, a grand Jacobean mansion in Kensington built c.1605, was home to the Holland House set, which centred on its residents, Henry Richard Fox, 3rd Baron Holland and his wife Elizabeth Vassall Fox, Lady Holland. From 1797, until the death of Lady Holland in 1840, which had been closely preceded by the death of the Baron, the Holland's hosted an extraordinary group of politicians, writers, poets, historians and doctors- brought in to combat the Baron's extreme hypochondria. Membership of the set required a certain amount of talent and aristocratic breeding, and it became home to the key British and foreign intellectuals of the day, who gathered to dine and discuss history, literature and politics. With no strict religious agenda, the most common bond and topic of conversation at the evenings was often Whiggist politics and developments in government. The set was celebrated, long after its end, as Britain's closest thing to a continental salon, representing a strong political and social force.

Thomas Moore

1779-1852
Poet and biographer of Byron
Sitter associated with 12 portraits

Charles Howard, 11th Duke of Norfolk

1746-1815
MP for Carlise and Arundel
Sitter associated with 55 portraits

Caroline Elizabeth Sarah Norton (née Sheridan, later Lady Stirling-Maxwell)

1808-1877
Novelist and poet; Law reform campaigner
Sitter in 10 portraits

Sir Francis Palgrave

1788-1861
Historian
Sitter in 2 portraits

Emily Mary ('Amelia') (née Lamb), Viscountess Palmerston

1787-1869
Political hostess; wife of 3rd Viscount Palmerston
Sitter in 9 portraits

Henry John Temple, 3rd Viscount Palmerston

1784-1865
Prime Minister
Sitter associated with 141 portraits

Sir Anthony Panizzi

1797-1879
Principal Librarian of the British Museum
Sitter in 10 portraits

Samuel Parr

1747-1825
Pedagogue and Whig pamphleteer
Sitter in 17 portraits

William Conyngham Plunket, 1st Baron Plunket

1764-1854
Lord Chancellor of Ireland
Sitter in 9 portraits

George Ponsonby

1755-1817
Lord Chancellor of Ireland
Sitter associated with 3 portraits

Samuel Rogers

1763-1855
Poet, banker and art connoisseur
Sitter in 23 portraits

John Russell, 1st Earl Russell

1792-1878
Prime Minister and writer
Sitter associated with 226 portraits

Richard Brinsley Sheridan

1751-1816
Dramatist and parliamentary orator
Sitter associated with 162 portraits

Philip Nicholas Shuttleworth

1782-1842
Bishop of Chichester
Sitter in 3 portraits

Robert Percy Smith (Bobus Smith)

1770-1845
Advocate-general of Bengal
Sitter in 2 portraits

Sydney Smith

1771-1845
Wit and Canon of St Paul's
Sitter associated with 9 portraits

John Charles Spencer, 3rd Earl Spencer

1782-1845
Whig statesman
Sitter in 62 portraits

Lord Robert Spencer

1747-1831
Third son of 3rd Duke of Marlborough
Sitter in 2 portraits

Philip Henry Stanhope, 4th Earl Stanhope

1781-1855
Man of affairs
Sitter in 5 portraits

Philip Stanhope, 5th Earl Stanhope

1805-1875
Historian; founding member and first chairman of the Trustees of the National Portrait Gallery
Sitter in 23 portraits