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34 People in sitter grouping: Jacobites

The Jacobites were the group of followers dedicated to the restoration of a Roman Catholic King to the Great British thrones. From 1688-1746 a series of risings occurred, in an attempt to restore James II and his subsequent heirs to the throne. Support was greatest in Ireland, Scotland and the North of England and the main years of uprising are remembered as 1715 and 1745. The decline of Jacobitism can be seen from 1747, when Henry IX, the Cardinal King (son of James II, and younger brother of Bonnie Prince Charlie) in financial difficulties after the French Revolution, bequeathed the Stuart Crown jewels to the future George IV. Although he never formally renounced his claim to the throne all Jacobite activities ceased, and on his death the Jacobite claim was passed on to those families excluded by the Act of Settlement, however a Jacobite heir has not made a claim to the throne since 1807.

King James II

1633-1701
Reigned 1685-8
Sitter associated with 128 portraits

Thomas Bruce, 2nd Earl of Ailesbury

1655-1747
Jacobite; courtier
Sitter in 1 portrait

Louisa, Countess of Albany

1752-1824
Wife of Prince Charles Edward Stuart
Sitter associated with 3 portraits

John Ashton

died 1691
Courtier and Jacobite conspirator
Sitter in 2 portraits

Arthur Elphinstone, 6th Baron Balmerino

1688-1746
Jacobite
Sitter in 1 portrait

James Fitzjames, Duke of Berwick upon Tweed

1670-1734
Army officer in the French service
Sitter in 1 portrait

Henry St John, 1st Viscount Bolingbroke

1678-1751
Politician; MP for Wootton Bassett and Berkshire; government official and political philosopher
Sitter in 11 portraits

Prince Charles Edward Stuart

1720-1788
Grandson of James II; 'Bonnie Prince Charlie'
Sitter associated with 43 portraits

James Radcliffe (Radclyffe), 3rd Earl of Derwentwater

1689-1716
Jacobite
Sitter associated with 4 portraits

Colquhoun Grant

died 1792
Jacobite soldier and lawyer
Sitter in 1 portrait

John Hall

1672-1716
Jacobite; Executed for Treason
Sitter in 4 portraits

Henry Benedict Maria Clement Stuart, Cardinal York

1725-1807
Son of Prince James Francis Edward Stuart
Sitter in 10 portraits

Prince James Francis Edward Stuart

1688-1766
Known as 'The Old Pretender'; son of James II
Sitter associated with 60 portraits

James Francis Edward Keith

1696-1758
Known as 'Marshal Keith', Jacobite and soldier in Russian and Prussian service
Sitter in 1 portrait

William Gordon, 6th Viscount Kenmure

circa 1672-1716
Jacobite conspirator
Sitter in 2 portraits

George Granville, Baron Lansdowne

1666-1735
Poet and dramatist
Sitter in 2 portraits

Philip Lockhart

1689?-1715
Army officer and Jacobite sympathizer
Sitter in 2 portraits

Simon Fraser, 11th Baron Lovat

1667?-1747
Jacobite
Sitter in 8 portraits

Patrick Sarsfield, 1st Earl of Lucan

circa 1660-1693
Jacobite army officer
Sitter in 1 portrait

Andrew Lumisden

1720-1801
Jacobite
Sitter in 2 portraits