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35 People in artist grouping:

Pre-Raphaelites

In 1848, against a backdrop of political upheaval and mass industrialization in Britain, 7 artists met in Gower Street, London to found a radical artistic movement. The artists were motivated by a shared aversion to the current academic painting of The Royal Academy of Art and Sir Joshua Reynolds, who they referred to as 'Sir Sloshua'. They sought to revive medieval and early Renaissance art and culture, advocating moral reform and a return to truth to nature. The name ‘Pre-Raphaelite Brotherhood’ was chosen consciously to align their work stylistically with artists working before the Renaissance painter Raphael. The founding artists, including William Holman Hunt and Dante Rosetti, recorded minute detail in bright colours, creating complex compositions with moralizing themes. Sir John Ruskin championed their commitment to moral integrity through the microscopic detail of nature. However, the spiritual and creative integrity they sought, conflicted with the observational emphasis of their work. By 1853, the group had dissolved, although many of the artists remained friends and collaborators for the rest of their lives.

Sir Edward Coley Burne-Jones, 1st Bt

1833-1898
Painter and designer
Sitter in 24 portraits | Artist associated with 1 portrait

Julia Margaret Cameron

1815-1879
Pioneer photographer
Sitter in 8 portraits | Artist associated with 113 portraits

Frank Dicksee

1853-1928
Painter and President of the Royal Academy
Sitter in 18 portraits | Artist associated with 36 portraits

Luke Fildes

1843-1927
Illustrator and genre and portrait painter
Sitter in 14 portraits | Artist associated with 13 portraits

Frederic Leighton, Baron Leighton

1830-1896
Painter; President of the Royal Academy
Sitter in 59 portraits | Artist associated with 7 portraits

William Holman Hunt

1827-1910
Pre-Raphaelite painter
Sitter in 28 portraits | Artist of 2 portraits

Jane Morris (née Burden)

1839-1914
Embroiderer and artist's model; wife of William Morris
Sitter associated with 31 portraits

May Morris

1862-1938
Designer and craftswoman; daughter of William Morris
Sitter in 60 portraits | Artist associated with 1 portrait

William Morris

1834-1896
Poet, craftsman and socialist
Sitter in 68 portraits

Dante Gabriel Rossetti

1828-1882
Painter and poet
Sitter in 29 portraits | Artist associated with 22 portraits

John Ruskin

1819-1900
Writer, artist and social reformer
Sitter associated with 80 portraits

Sir John Everett Millais, 1st Bt

1829-1896
Painter and President of the Royal Academy
Sitter in 74 portraits | Artist associated with 40 portraits

William Allingham

1824-1889
Poet
Sitter in 3 portraits

John Brett

1831-1902
Painter
Sitter in 1 portrait | Artist of 1 portrait

Ford Madox Brown

1821-1893
Painter and designer
Sitter in 4 portraits | Artist associated with 13 portraits

William Shakespeare Burton

1824-1916
Painter
Sitter in 1 portrait | Artist of 1 portrait

(Mary) Evelyn De Morgan (née Pickering)

1855-1919
Painter; wife of William Frend De Morgan
Sitter in 1 portrait | Artist of 1 portrait

William De Morgan

1839-1917
Artist, potter and novelist
Sitter in 7 portraits

William Dyce

1806-1864
Pre-Raphaelite painter
Sitter in 4 portraits | Artist associated with 2 portraits

Thomas Cooper Gotch

1854-1931
Pre-Raphaelite painter and book illustrator
Artist associated with 1 portrait