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39 People in sitter grouping: Suffragettes

The Suffragette movement grew out of the National Union of Women's Suffrage Societies, founded by Dame Millicent Garrett Fawcett (nee Garrett) in 1897. The union argued that women should be part of the electoral process have the same rights to vote as men. In 1903, Emmeline Pankhurst and her daughters Christabel and Sylvia founded the Women's Social and Political Union. Taking a more militant approach, the women demonstrated, chained themselves to Buckingham Palace and were often arrested. The group's imprisonment was defined by their tactic of hunger strike. This led to the 'Cat and Mouse Act' under the (Herbert Henry) Asquith government. Instead of force feeding the prisoners, officials could wait until they had nearly died from starvation before releasing them, often to be re-arrested for a petty offence soon after. The term 'Suffragette' was first used by the journalist Charles E. Hands in the London Daily Mail. The beginning of the First World War saw an end to the hunger strikes and a shift to focus on the war effort. In 1918 the Representation of the People's Act 1918 was passed which entitled women over the age of 30, who also met specific property requirements, the right to vote. In 1928, this act was extended to include women over the age of 21.

Dame Christabel Pankhurst

1880-1958
Militant suffragette; daughter of Emmeline Pankhurst
Sitter in 15 portraits

Emmeline Pankhurst

1858-1928
Militant suffragette
Sitter in 14 portraits

Sylvia Pankhurst

1882-1960
Militant suffragette; daughter of Emmeline Pankhurst
Sitter in 19 portraits | Artist of 3 portraits

Gertrude Mary Ansell

1861-1932
Suffragette and member of the Fabian Women's Group
Sitter in 2 portraits

Helen Alexander Archdale (née Russell)

1876-1949
Journalist; Suffragette
Sitter in 1 portrait

Jennie Baines

1866-1951
Militant suffragette
Sitter in 2 portraits

Annie Bell

born 1874
Suffragette
Sitter in 2 portraits

Teresa Mary Billington-Greig

1876-1964
Suffragette and political theorist; wife of Frederick Lewis Greig; daughter of William Billington
Sitter in 1 portrait

Maud Brindley

born 1866
Suffragette
Sitter in 2 portraits

Sophie Bryant (née Willock)

1850-1922
Educationalist; Irish patriot; suffragist
Sitter in 1 portrait

(Julia Sarah) Anne Cobden-Sanderson

1866-1926
Socialist and suffragette
Sitter in 8 portraits

(Emma) Jane Catherine Cobden Unwin

1851-1947
Suffragist and radical
Sitter in 4 portraits

Dame Kathleen D'Olier Courtney

1878-1974
Suffragist and peace campaigner and Joint President of United Nations Association
Sitter in 2 portraits

Emily Wilding Davison

1872-1913
Suffragette
Sitter associated with 2 portraits

Charlotte Despard (née French)

1844-1939
Suffragette and social worker
Sitter in 8 portraits

Dame Millicent Garrett Fawcett (née Garrett)

1847-1929
Leader of the constitutional women's suffrage movement and author
Sitter in 13 portraits

Lillian Forrester

born 1880
Militant suffragette
Sitter in 3 portraits

Clara Giveen

born 1887?
Militant suffragette
Sitter in 2 portraits

Eva Selina Gore-Booth

1870-1926
Suffragist and poet
Sitter in 1 portrait

Cicely Mary Hamilton (née Hammill)

1872-1952
Writer and suffragette
Sitter in 2 portraits