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19 People in artist grouping:

Surrealists and their circle

Launched by the French poet André Breton in Paris in 1924, the surrealist movement was intended to be an artistic and literary revolution that would occupy an international stage. Artists across the channel in Britain, mainly working in London and Birmingham, would interpret the driving forces of the movement. Heavily influenced by Sigmund Freud’s theories, they attempted to reconcile the unconscious with rational life in their work. They explored the power of dreams, embracing automatism, freeing them from the constraints of conscious thought. In 1936, David Emery Gascoyne, Roland Penrose, Paul Nash and Sir Herbert Read established the British Surrealist group and organized the International Surrealist Exhibition. Held in the New Burlington Gardens, it featured 400 works by artists from 13 different countries and attracted around 1000 visitors per day. The outbreak of WWII forced many artists to move abroad but the influence of the Surrealists and their circle on 20th century and contemporary art is undeniable.

Edward Burra

1905-1976
Painter
Sitter in 3 portraits | Artist of 3 portraits

Salvador Dalí

1904-1989
Surrealist artist
Sitter in 2 portraits

Henry Moore

1898-1986
Sculptor
Sitter in 98 portraits | Artist of 1 portrait

Paul Nash

1889-1946
Artist
Sitter in 32 portraits | Artist of 1 portrait

Roland Penrose

1900-1984
Painter, art collector; WW2 camoufleur and writer on art
Sitter in 15 portraits | Artist of 1 portrait

Herbert Read

1893-1968
Critic, poet and writer on art
Sitter in 17 portraits

Eileen Agar

1899-1991
Painter
Sitter in 4 portraits | Artist of 2 portraits

John Banting

1902-1972
Painter
Sitter in 3 portraits | Artist associated with 7 portraits

Cecil Collins

1908-1989
Artist
Sitter in 4 portraits | Artist of 1 portrait

Ithell Colquhoun

1906-1988
Painter and writer
Sitter in 4 portraits | Artist of 4 portraits

Paul Eluard

1895-1952
Poet, co-founder of the Surrealist movement
Sitter in 1 portrait

David Emery Gascoyne

1916-2001
Poet
Sitter in 7 portraits

Stanley William Hayter

1901-1988
Printmaker
Sitter in 3 portraits

Humphrey Jennings

1907-1950
Documentary filmmaker
Sitter in 1 portrait

Conroy Maddox

1912-2005
Surrealist artist, teacher and writer
Sitter in 3 portraits

George Melly

1926-2007
Jazz singer, critic, writer and lecturer
Sitter in 8 portraits

Ceri Richards

1903-1971
Painter
Sitter in 12 portraits | Artist of 1 portrait

Julian Otto Trevelyan

1910-1988
Painter and etcher
Sitter in 9 portraits | Artist of 3 portraits

Edward Wadsworth

1889-1949
Painter
Sitter in 3 portraits | Artist of 1 portrait