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26 People in sitter grouping: The Raj and the Indian sub-continent

The British first arrived in India in the 1600s, establishing trading posts through the East India Company. By the mid 18th Century, the company's power and influence meant that a majority of India was controlled by Britain. By the 1700s, English was established as the language of administration and government. The British Raj (taken from the Hindi word Raj, meaning rule) officially began in 1858, when governance was transferred to the Crown with Queen Victoria being proclaimed the Empress of India in 1876. By the mid 19th Century, universities had been established in Kolkata and Mumbai and one of the largest railway networks was underway. Following growing discontent and uprisings, India gained its independence from Britain in 1947. It was partitioned into the Republic of India, the Islamic Republic of Pakistan, the eastern part of which would become the People's Republic of Bangladesh. The partition created one of the largest mass migrations in history to date.

E. M. Forster

1879-1970
Novelist
Sitter in 44 portraits

Rudyard Kipling

1865-1936
Writer and poet
Sitter associated with 39 portraits

William Pitt

1759-1806
Prime Minister
Sitter associated with 168 portraits

Queen Victoria

1819-1901
Reigned 1837-1901
Sitter associated with 505 portraits | Artist associated with 5 portraits

Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington

1769-1852
Field Marshal and Prime Minister
Sitter associated with 358 portraits

Edmund Burke

1729 or 1730-1797
Statesman
Sitter associated with 103 portraits

Robert Clive, 1st Baron Clive

1725-1774
Governor of Bengal
Sitter in 9 portraits

Sir Eyre Coote

1726-1783
General
Sitter in 1 portrait

Charles Cornwallis, 1st Marquess Cornwallis

1738-1805
General and diplomat
Sitter associated with 14 portraits

Sir Stafford Cripps

1889-1952
Statesman
Sitter in 42 portraits

James Andrew Broun Ramsay, 1st Marquess of Dalhousie

1812-1860
Governor-General of India
Sitter in 3 portraits

Sir Herbert Benjamin Edwardes

1819-1868
Army and political officer in India
Sitter in 9 portraits

Henry Hardinge, 1st Viscount Hardinge of Lahore

1785-1856
Governor-General of India
Sitter in 20 portraits

Charles Hardinge, 1st Baron Hardinge of Penshurst

1858-1944
Diplomat and Viceroy of India
Sitter in 7 portraits

Warren Hastings

1732-1818
Governor-General of India
Sitter associated with 46 portraits

John Laird Mair Lawrence, 1st Baron Lawrence

1811-1879
Viceroy of India
Sitter in 21 portraits

Stringer Lawrence

1697-1775
Known as the 'Father of the Indian army'
Sitter in 4 portraits

Edward Robert Bulwer-Lytton, 1st Earl of Lytton

1831-1891
'Owen Meredith'; Poet; Viceroy of India
Sitter in 19 portraits

Thomas Babington Macaulay, Baron Macaulay

1800-1859
Historian, poet and politician; MP for Calne, Leeds and Edinburgh
Sitter in 26 portraits

Henry Dundas, 1st Viscount Melville

1742-1811
Statesman
Sitter associated with 80 portraits