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25 People in sitter grouping: Lunar Society of Birmingham and their circle

Although the core set never numbered more than fourteen, The Lunar Society of Birmingham and their associates are remembered as the Fathers of the Industrial Revolution. A group of brilliant and skilled minds from a variety of backgrounds, they explored the possibilities of advancements in medicine, manufacturing and engineering. They were called the Lunar Society because they would meet for dinner and discussion on the Sunday nearest the full moon, allowing them to work late into the evening on their experiments, and make the most of the full moonlight for their journeys home. Among the members were many strong educational and anti slavery campaigners, such as the abolitionist Thomas Day, who ignited the slavery debate with his well know poem The Dying Negro (1773). Active from about 1765, this informal society would continue to hold meetings until the end of the century, as its members passionately worked on their ideas that would lead to social and economic reform.

James Watt

1736-1819
Engineer
Sitter in 18 portraits

Sir Joseph Banks, Bt

1743-1820
Explorer and botanist
Sitter associated with 35 portraits

John Baskerville

1706-1775
Printer and type-designer
Sitter in 1 portrait

Thomas Beddoes

1760-1808
Physician
Sitter in 2 portraits

Joseph Black

1728-1799
Chemist and physician
Sitter in 5 portraits

Matthew Boulton

1728-1809
Industrialist and entrepreneur
Sitter in 14 portraits

James Brindley

1716-1772
Engineer
Sitter in 2 portraits

Erasmus Darwin

1731-1802
Physician and poet
Sitter in 8 portraits

Thomas Day

1748-1789
Author of 'Sandford and Merton'
Sitter in 2 portraits

Jean-André de Luc (Deluc)

1763-1847
Swiss geologist and meteorologist
Sitter associated with 2 portraits

Richard Lovell Edgeworth

1744-1817
Writer and inventor
Sitter in 2 portraits

George Fordyce

1736-1802
Physician
Sitter in 1 portrait

Benjamin Franklin

1706-1790
American statesman; signer of the Declaration of Independence
Sitter in 7 portraits

Ralph Griffiths

1720-1803
Founder, proprietor and publisher of the 'Monthly Review'
Sitter in 1 portrait | Artist associated with 1 portrait

Sir William Herschel

1738-1822
Astronomer
Sitter in 12 portraits

James Hutton

1726-1797
Geologist
Sitter in 5 portraits

Samuel More

1726-1799
Apothecary and administrator
Sitter in 1 portrait | Artist associated with 1 portrait

Henry Moyes

1749 or 1750-1807
Lecturer on natural philosophy
Sitter in 1 portrait

Samuel Parr

1747-1825
Pedagogue and Whig pamphleteer
Sitter in 17 portraits

John Smeaton

1724-1792
Civil engineer
Sitter in 3 portraits