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18 People in sitter grouping: Cliveden set

In November 1937, Claud Cockburn, editor of The Week, wrote and published a damning report on what he saw as the pro-German activities of Waldorf Astor, his wife, the politician Vicountess Nancy Astor and their circle of friends. He alleged that the group, who where often hosted by the Astors at their country residence, Cliveden in Buckinghamshire, were using their close political connections and media power (Waldorf owned The Observer) to influence the British Government into a policy of appeasement with Nazi Germany. Cockburn's article, accusing the Astors and their circle, was published just as the tide of public feeling was turning against appeasement, consequently, the story was picked up and embellished by newspapers all over the world, with the phrase 'The Cliveden Set' coined by another British publication. There remains, however, no evidence that the group acted in any way to actively distort British foreign policy, although some did hold pro-appeasement values, and Cockburn's theories are generally disregarded today.

Waldorf Astor, 2nd Viscount Astor

1879-1952
Newspaper proprietor
Sitter in 13 portraits

Nancy Astor, Viscountess Astor

1879-1964
Politician; MP for Plymouth Sutton and wife of 2nd Viscount Astor; previous wife of R.G. Shaw; daughter of Chiswell Dabney Langhorne
Sitter in 37 portraits

Robert McGowan Barrington-Ward

1891-1948
Journalist
Sitter in 6 portraits

Robert Henry Brand, 1st Baron Brand of Eydon

1878-1963
Director of Lloyds Bank Ltd
Sitter in 3 portraits

Lionel George Curtis

1872-1955
Writer and public servant
Sitter in 5 portraits

Geoffrey Dawson

1874-1944
Journalist; editor of The Times
Sitter in 3 portraits

Sir Henri Wilhelm August Deterding

1866-1939
Director General of Royal Dutch Petroleum
Sitter in 4 portraits

James Louis Garvin

1868-1947
Journalist and newspaper editor
Sitter in 14 portraits

Edward Frederick Lindley Wood, 1st Earl of Halifax

1881-1959
Viceroy of India
Sitter in 29 portraits

Sir Nevile Meyrick Henderson

1882-1942
Diplomat
Sitter in 9 portraits

Thomas Jones

1870-1955
Public administrator and writer
Sitter in 3 portraits

Philip Henry Kerr, 11th Marquess of Lothian

1882-1940
Journalist and statesman
Sitter in 15 portraits

Harry Duncan McGowan, 1st Baron McGowan

1874-1961
Chairman of ICI
Sitter in 13 portraits

William Angus Drogo Montagu, 9th Duke of Manchester

1877-1947
Landowner
Sitter in 1 portrait

Montagu Collet Norman, 1st Baron Norman

1871-1950
Governor of the Bank of England
Sitter in 3 portraits

John Allsebrook Simon, 1st Viscount Simon

1873-1954
Statesman and Lord Chancellor
Sitter in 34 portraits

Josiah Charles Stamp, 1st Baron Stamp of Shortlands

1880-1941
Economist, financier and statistician
Sitter in 25 portraits

Samuel John Gurney Hoare, Viscount Templewood

1880-1959
Politician and Ambassador; Foreign Secretary
Sitter in 14 portraits