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213 People in sitter grouping:

Whigs

The history of the Whigs in British politics is long and varied, starting with their emergence as a political faction in 1678. The term itself was first used in British politics during the 1678-1681 Exclusion Bill crises, where a strong party came forward to dispute the crowning of Roman Catholic king, James II. Although often separated into many different group affiliations such as Bedfordites, Rockingham Whigs, and Chathamites, named after their various leaders, the Whigs were united by their representative colours of orange, blue and buff and their key policies. These included a firm opposition to absolute rule, particularly by a Roman Catholic (which they saw as a threat to religious freedom and civil liberties and a threat to protectionist foreign trade laws). As their popularity rose and fell with the changing royal powers, the Whigs evolved to suit the times, using some of their strongest leaders, such as Robert Walpole, to maintain their particular breed of anti-Tory political control. It was, however, one of their most well known off-shoots, the Junto Whigs, whose radical views led to a split, and an eventual merge of the Junto Whigs with the Conservative party in the 1680s. The reign of George I saw Whig supremacy in parliament, as the Tory Jacobites were expelled from parliament. George III's accession saw a joining of disputed factions to form the 'Old' and 'New' Whigs, under Charles Watson-Wentworth, 2nd Marquess of Rockingham and Lord Chatham respectively. Opposition to Prime Minister William Pitt lost the Whigs seats during the 1790s, but they had a lasting impact in the implementation of parliamentary reform acts regarding slavery and the Poor Laws in the 1830s. The Whigs were formally merged into a new coalition liberal party with the Peelites in 1859, and their final dissolution came in 1868.

George William Campbell, 6th Duke of Argyll

1768-1839
Lord Steward of the Household and politician; MP for St Germans
Sitter associated with 6 portraits

Henry Brougham, 1st Baron Brougham and Vaux

1778-1868
Lord Chancellor
Sitter associated with 256 portraits

Edmund Burke

1729 or 1730-1797
Statesman
Sitter associated with 103 portraits

Edward Smith Stanley, 12th Earl of Derby

1752-1834
Sportsman and patron of horse-racing
Sitter associated with 64 portraits

Georgiana Cavendish (née Spencer), Duchess of Devonshire

1757-1806
Beauty and leader of Whig society; first wife of 5th Duke of Devonshire
Sitter in 29 portraits

Charles James Fox

1749-1806
Whig statesman
Sitter associated with 299 portraits

Charles Grey, 2nd Earl Grey

1764-1845
Prime Minister
Sitter associated with 174 portraits

Henry John Temple, 3rd Viscount Palmerston

1784-1865
Prime Minister
Sitter in 145 portraits

William Pitt

1759-1806
Prime Minister
Sitter associated with 169 portraits

John Russell, 1st Earl Russell

1792-1878
Prime Minister and writer
Sitter in 240 portraits

William Adam

1751-1839
Scottish barrister, politician and judge
Sitter associated with 6 portraits

Henry Aglionby Aglionby

1790-1854
Barrister and politician: MP for Cockermouth
Sitter in 1 portrait

Ernest Augustus Charles Brudenell-Bruce, 3rd Marquess of Ailesbury

1811-1886
Courtier and politician: MP for Marlborough
Sitter in 2 portraits

John Aislabie

1670-1742
Whig politician; Chancellor of the Exchequer
Sitter associated with 1 portrait

John Angerstein

1773-1858
Politician; MP for Camelford and Greenwich; son of John Julius Angerstein
Sitter in 2 portraits

Sir George Anson

1769-1849
General and politician; MP for Lichfield
Sitter in 1 portrait

John Campbell, 4th Duke of Argyll

1694-1770
Colonel, peer and politician; MP for Bute, Elgin and Dumbarton
Sitter in 2 portraits

John Campbell, 7th Duke of Argyll

1777-1847
Keeper of the Great Seal of Scotland, Lieutenant-Colonel and politician; MP for Argyllshire
Sitter in 3 portraits

John Dunning, 1st Baron Ashburton

1731-1783
Solicitor-General
Sitter in 14 portraits

William Eden, 1st Baron Auckland

1744-1814
Statesman
Sitter in 8 portraits