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26 People in sitter grouping: Antarctic Exploration

The determined pursuit of polar exploration to Antarctica, or Terra Australis Incognita as it was first known, began in the 15thcentury, when it was proved that the area had no other land connections, and was an isolated continent waiting to be explored. The discussion of the land around the South Pole had actually begun much earlier in the 2nd Century AD, when it was named the Antarctic- the literal polar opposite of the Arctic. Captain James Cook led the first successful voyage to cross the Antarctic Circle in 1773, but the South Pole was not reached until the end of 1911, when after many failed attempts by countries including America and Belgium, the Norwegian Amundsen closely beat the British Crew led by Scott. 1914 marked the epic journey of the Endurance and its crew led by Shackleton. Although this mission failed to reach its goal of a full land crossing of Antarctica, it would become legendary for the men’s bravery, endurance and camaraderie. By the mid 20th century, air exploration of the continent had begun, led by the Americans. It was a vital development in Antarctic exploration. In 1958, British explorer Vivian Fuchs and his team would finally complete Shackleton’s dream of an overland crossing, in which they were aided by supplies from the New Zealand expedition led by Sir Edmund Hillary. It was shortly after this, in 1959, that the Antarctic Treaty was signed, protecting the land, and encouraging the further scientific research of the most southern continent on earth.

Robert Falcon Scott

1868-1912
Antarctic explorer
Sitter in 12 portraits

Sir Ernest Henry Shackleton

1874-1922
Antarctic explorer
Sitter in 14 portraits

Edward Leicester Atkinson

1882-1929
Surgeon; member of British Antarctic Expedition, 1910-1913
Sitter in 2 portraits

Birdie Bowers

1883-1912
Polar explorer
Sitter in 2 portraits

Verner Duncan Carse

1913-2004
Polar explorer; radio broadcaster and actor
Sitter in 1 portrait

Alfred Buchanan Cheetham

1868-1918
Seaman and explorer on Antarctic expeditions
Sitter in 1 portrait

Apsley George Benet Cherry-Garrard

1886-1959
Polar explorer
Sitter in 1 portrait

Bernard C. Day

born 1884
Motor engineer; member of British Antarctic Expedition, 1910-1913
Sitter in 1 portrait

Frank Debenham

1883-1965
Geologist; Founder Director of Scott Polar Research Institute
Sitter in 1 portrait

Edgar Evans

1876-1912
Polar explorer; member of British Antarctic Expedition, 1910-1913
Sitter in 2 portraits

Sir Vivian Fuchs

1908-1999
Antarctic explorer
Sitter in 3 portraits

Tryggve Gran

1889-1980
Norwegian ski instructor and aviator; member of British Antarctic Expedition, 1910-1913
Sitter in 1 portrait

Wally Herbert

1934-2007
Polar explorer
Sitter in 1 portrait

Sir Edmund Percival Hillary

1919-2008
New Zealand explorer
Sitter in 7 portraits

Cecil Henry Meares

1877-1937
Lieutenant-Colonel, linguist and Antarctic explorer
Sitter in 3 portraits

Edward Ratcliffe Garth Russell Evans, 1st Baron Mountevans

1880-1957
Admiral; Antarctic explorer
Sitter associated with 8 portraits

Edward W. Nelson

1883-1923
Biologist; member of British Antarctic Expedition, 1910-1913
Sitter in 1 portrait

Lawrence Oates

1880-1912
Antarctic explorer
Sitter associated with 4 portraits

Herbert George Ponting

1870-1935
Photographer; antarctic explorer
Sitter in 1 portrait | Artist of 11 portraits

Sir Raymond Edward Priestley

1886-1974
Geologist; Antarctic Explorer
Sitter in 6 portraits