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33 People in sitter grouping: The Souls

The Souls, or ‘The Gang’ as they chose to call themselves, before the name ‘Souls’ was coined in 1888 by Lord Charles Beresford, was originally made up of the aristocratic families the Balfours, Lyttletons, Tennents and Wyndhams. These were later joined by the Charteris and Manners families and their society connections. Joined by friendships, marriages, affairs and politics, the group grew organically as relationships and affiliations changed and developed. Led by Arthur Balfour (‘King Arthur’), the set rejected being grouped with other social cliques of the time such as The Marlborough House crowd, preferring rounds of golf and literary discussions to bridge and hunting, and opening membership up beyond aristocratic circles. Despite political feuds and broken friendships, the group lived on into the next generation, strengthened by intermarriage and the devastation of WW1, Their children would name themselves the ‘Corrupt Coterie’.

Charles Robert Whorwood Adeane

1863-1943
Justice of the Peace and Lord-Lieutenant of Cambridgeshire
Sitter in 4 portraits

Madeline Pamela Constance Blanche Adeane (née Wyndham)

1871-1941
Daughter of Hon. Percy Scawen Wyndham; wife of Charles Adeane
Sitter in 6 portraits

Lady Cynthia Mary Evelyn Asquith (née Charteris)

1887-1960
Author and Private Secretary to JM Barrie; wife of Herbert Asquith; daughter of 11th Earl of Wemyss and March
Sitter in 8 portraits

Raymond Asquith

1878-1916
Scholar and army officer; son of Herbert Henry Asquith, 1st Earl of Oxford and Asquith
Sitter in 2 portraits

Arthur James Balfour, 1st Earl of Balfour

1848-1930
Prime Minister and philosopher
Sitter in 125 portraits

Gerald William Balfour, 2nd Earl of Balfour

1853-1945
Politician and psychical researcher
Sitter in 7 portraits

Jeanette ('Jennie') Churchill (née Jerome), Lady Randolph Churchill

1854-1921
Society hostess and writer
Sitter in 22 portraits

George Nathaniel Curzon, Marquess Curzon of Kedleston

1859-1925
Politician, Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs, traveller and Viceroy of India
Sitter associated with 28 portraits

Mary Victoria (née Leiter), Lady Curzon of Kedleston

1870-1906
Vicereine of India; first wife of Lord Curzon of Kedleston (later 1st Marquess Curzon of Kedleston)
Sitter in 10 portraits

Harry Cust

1861-1917
Politician and journalist
Sitter in 5 portraits

Emmeline Mary Elizabeth ('Nina') Cust (née Welby-Gregory)

1867-1955
Sculptor, wife of Harry Cust
Sitter in 3 portraits

William Henry Grenfell, Baron Desborough

1855-1945
Sportsman and politician
Sitter in 16 portraits

Ethel Anne Priscilla ('Ettie') Grenfell (née Fane), Lady Desborough

1867-1952
Wife of Baron Desborough; daughter of Hon. Julian Henry Charles Fane
Sitter in 14 portraits

Hugo Francis, Lord Elcho

1884-1916
Soldier
Sitter in 6 portraits

Frances Jane Horner (née Graham), Lady Horner

1854 or 1855-1940
Hostess and patron of the arts
Sitter in 5 portraits

Sir John Francis Fortescue Horner

1842-1927
Barrister; husband of Lady Horner
Sitter in 1 portrait

Sir Edwin Lutyens

1869-1944
Architect and President of the Royal Academy
Sitter associated with 28 portraits

Alfred Lyttelton

1857-1913
Politician and amateur tennis champion and cricketer
Sitter in 13 portraits

Dame Edith Lyttelton (née Balfour)

1865-1948
Writer, activist and spiritualist; wife of Alfred Lyttelton
Sitter associated with 3 portraits

(William) St John Fremantle Brodrick, 1st Earl of Midleton

1856-1942
Politician; Secretary of State for War and Secretary of State for India
Sitter in 20 portraits