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Room 14 at the National Portrait Gallery


Britain becomes a World Power

Room 14This large room focusses on how Britain became a world power during the 18th century. Companion portraits of George III and Charlotte Sophia of Mecklenburg-Strelitz hang either side of the entrance arch whilst at the other end of the room is the large group portrait of the Death of Chatham, on loan from Tate. Sections of the walls focus on themes: India and the East Indian Company includes portraits of Warren Hastings and Robert Clive meeting Mir Jafar; The Struggle for America includes a portrait of George Washington whilst James Cook is represented in a section on Exploration of the Pacific.

Room introductionTake a look around

See also: Room 14: miniature case

25 portraits on display in Room 14 at the National Portrait Gallery

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Joseph Collet, by Amoy Chinqua - NPG 4005

Joseph Collet

by Amoy Chinqua
painted unfired clay statuette, 1716
On display in Room 14 at the National Portrait Gallery
NPG 4005

Frederick North, 2nd Earl of Guilford, by Pompeo Batoni - NPG 6180

Frederick North, 2nd Earl of Guilford

by Pompeo Batoni
oil on canvas, 1752-1756
On display in Room 14 at the National Portrait Gallery
NPG 6180

John Burgoyne, after Allan Ramsay - NPG 4158

John Burgoyne

after Allan Ramsay
oil on canvas, after 1758
On display in Room 14 at the National Portrait Gallery
NPG 4158

James Wolfe, by Joseph Wilton - NPG 4415

James Wolfe

by Joseph Wilton
plaster cast of bust, circa 1760
On display in Room 14 at the National Portrait Gallery
NPG 4415

Sophia Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz, studio of Allan Ramsay - NPG 224

Sophia Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz

studio of Allan Ramsay
oil on canvas, (1761-1762)
On display in Room 14 at the National Portrait Gallery
NPG 224

King George III, studio of Allan Ramsay - NPG 223

King George III

studio of Allan Ramsay
oil on canvas, (1761-1762)
On display in Room 14 at the National Portrait Gallery
NPG 223

Thomas Hollis, by Joseph Wilton - NPG 6946

Thomas Hollis

by Joseph Wilton
marble bust, circa 1762
On display in Room 14 at the National Portrait Gallery
NPG 6946

Charles Churchill, by J.S.C. Schaak - NPG 162

Charles Churchill

by J.S.C. Schaak
oil on canvas, feigned oval, circa 1763-1764
On display in Room 14 at the National Portrait Gallery
NPG 162

Augustus Keppel, Viscount Keppel, by Sir Joshua Reynolds - NPG 5572

Augustus Keppel, Viscount Keppel

by Sir Joshua Reynolds
oil on canvas, 1764-1765
On display in Room 14 at the National Portrait Gallery
NPG 5572

Warren Hastings, by Sir Joshua Reynolds - NPG 4445

Warren Hastings

by Sir Joshua Reynolds
oil on canvas, 1766-1768
On display in Room 14 at the National Portrait Gallery
NPG 4445

William Pitt, 1st Earl of Chatham, by Joseph Wilton - NPG 6081

William Pitt, 1st Earl of Chatham

by Joseph Wilton
marble bust, circa 1766 or after
On display in Room 14 at the National Portrait Gallery
NPG 6081

Charles Watson-Wentworth, 2nd Marquess of Rockingham, after Sir Joshua Reynolds - NPG 406

Charles Watson-Wentworth, 2nd Marquess of Rockingham

after Sir Joshua Reynolds
oil on canvas, feigned oval, circa 1768
On display in Room 14 at the National Portrait Gallery
NPG 406

Robert Clive, 1st Baron Clive, studio of Nathaniel Dance - NPG 39

Robert Clive, 1st Baron Clive

studio of Nathaniel Dance
oil on canvas, circa 1773 or after
On display in Room 14 at the National Portrait Gallery
NPG 39

John Dunning, 1st Baron Ashburton, studio of Sir Joshua Reynolds - NPG 102

John Dunning, 1st Baron Ashburton

studio of Sir Joshua Reynolds
oil on canvas, circa 1774
On display in Room 14 at the National Portrait Gallery
NPG 102

Catharine Macaulay (née Sawbridge), by Robert Edge Pine - NPG 5856

Catharine Macaulay (née Sawbridge)

by Robert Edge Pine
oil on canvas, circa 1775
On display in Room 14 at the National Portrait Gallery
NPG 5856

Francis Dashwood, 11th Baron Le Despencer, by Nathaniel Dance - NPG 1345

Francis Dashwood, 11th Baron Le Despencer

by Nathaniel Dance
oil on canvas, circa 1776
On display in Room 14 at the National Portrait Gallery
NPG 1345

The Death of the Earl of Chatham, by John Singleton Copley - NPG L146

The Death of the Earl of Chatham

by John Singleton Copley
oil on canvas, 1779-1781
On display in Room 14 at the National Portrait Gallery
NPG L146

Jeffrey Amherst, 1st Baron Amherst, by Thomas Gainsborough - NPG 150

Jeffrey Amherst, 1st Baron Amherst

by Thomas Gainsborough
oil on canvas, feigned oval, circa 1780
On display in Room 14 at the National Portrait Gallery
NPG 150

Mary Wilkes; John Wilkes, by Johann Joseph Zoffany - NPG 6133

Mary Wilkes; John Wilkes

by Johann Joseph Zoffany
oil on canvas, exhibited 1782
On display in Room 14 at the National Portrait Gallery
NPG 6133

Charles Cornwallis, 1st Marquess Cornwallis, by Thomas Gainsborough - NPG 281

Charles Cornwallis, 1st Marquess Cornwallis

by Thomas Gainsborough
oil on canvas, feigned oval, 1783
On display in Room 14 at the National Portrait Gallery
NPG 281