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63 People in sitter grouping: Holland House set

Holland House, a grand Jacobean mansion in Kensington built c.1605, was home to the Holland House set, which centred on its residents, Henry Richard Fox, 3rd Baron Holland and his wife Elizabeth Vassall Fox, Lady Holland. From 1797, until the death of Lady Holland in 1840, which had been closely preceded by the death of the Baron, the Holland's hosted an extraordinary group of politicians, writers, poets, historians and doctors- brought in to combat the Baron's extreme hypochondria. Membership of the set required a certain amount of talent and aristocratic breeding, and it became home to the key British and foreign intellectuals of the day, who gathered to dine and discuss history, literature and politics. With no strict religious agenda, the most common bond and topic of conversation at the evenings was often Whiggist politics and developments in government. The set was celebrated, long after its end, as Britain's closest thing to a continental salon, representing a strong political and social force.

George Gordon Byron, 6th Baron Byron

1788-1824
Poet
Sitter in 33 portraits

Sir Robert Adair

1763-1855
Diplomat
Sitter associated with 7 portraits

Dr John Allen

1771-1843
Historian; resident physician at Holland House from 1802
Sitter in 1 portrait

William Arden, 2nd Baron Alvanley

1789-1849
Soldier
Sitter in 4 portraits

John Russell, 6th Duke of Bedford

1766-1839
Lord-Lieutenant of Ireland
Sitter associated with 18 portraits

Frederick Ponsonby, 3rd Earl of Bessborough

1758-1844
British peer; Lord of the Admiralty 178283
Sitter in 4 portraits

John William Ponsonby, 4th Earl of Bessborough

1781-1847
Politician; MP for several constituencies
Sitter associated with 33 portraits

Henry Brougham, 1st Baron Brougham and Vaux

1778-1868
Lord Chancellor
Sitter associated with 234 portraits

Thomas Campbell

1777-1844
Poet
Sitter in 20 portraits

George Howard, 6th Earl of Carlisle

1773-1848
Politician; Lord Privy Seal
Sitter associated with 3 portraits

George William Frederick Howard, 7th Earl of Carlisle

1802-1864
Viceroy of Ireland
Sitter associated with 76 portraits

George William Frederick Villiers, 4th Earl of Clarendon

1800-1870
Diplomat and politician; Foreign Secretary and Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster
Sitter associated with 15 portraits

George Crabbe

1754-1832
Poet
Sitter in 6 portraits

John Philpot Curran

1750-1817
Judge
Sitter in 7 portraits

Lord Edward Fitzgerald

1763-1798
Irish patriot
Sitter in 3 portraits

Richard Fitzpatrick

1748-1813
General and politician, MP for several constituencies
Sitter associated with 7 portraits

Charles William Wentworth Fitzwilliam, 3rd Earl Fitzwilliam

1786-1857
Politician; MP for several constituencies
Sitter in 4 portraits

Ugo Foscolo

1778-1827
Italian poet
Sitter in 1 portrait

Charles James Fox

1749-1806
Whig statesman
Sitter associated with 299 portraits

John Hookham Frere

1769-1846
Diplomat and writer
Sitter associated with 5 portraits

Henry Grattan

1746-1820
Irish statesman
Sitter associated with 26 portraits

Charles Cavendish Fulke Greville

1794-1865
Diarist and clerk to the council
Sitter in 1 portrait

Charles Grey, 2nd Earl Grey

1764-1845
Prime Minister
Sitter associated with 166 portraits

Henry George Grey, 3rd Earl Grey

1802-1894
Secretary for the Colonies
Sitter associated with 33 portraits

George Grote

1794-1871
Historian and politician, MP for City of London
Sitter in 15 portraits

Henry Hallam

1777-1859
Historian
Sitter in 13 portraits

James Hare

1747-1804
Social celebrity and politician
Sitter in 2 portraits

Henry Richard Fox (later Vassall), 3rd Baron Holland

1773-1840
Whig statesman and patron of art and letters
Sitter associated with 51 portraits

Elizabeth Vassall Fox (née Vassall), Lady Holland (formerly Webster)

1770-1845
Political and literary hostess; former wife of Sir Godfrey Webster, and later wife of 3rd Baron Holland
Sitter in 4 portraits

Francis Horner

1778-1817
Political economist
Sitter in 5 portraits

Francis Jeffrey, Lord Jeffrey

1773-1850
Scottish judge and critic; editor of the 'Edinburgh Review'
Sitter in 11 portraits

Lady Caroline Lamb

1785-1828
Novelist
Sitter in 2 portraits

Henry Petty-Fitzmaurice, 3rd Marquess of Lansdowne

1780-1863
Politician, Home Secretary, Chancellor of the Exchequer and Lord President of the Council
Sitter associated with 73 portraits

James Maitland, 8th Earl of Lauderdale

1759-1839
Scottish politician and author of 'Inquiry into the Nature and Origin of Public Wealth'
Sitter associated with 35 portraits

Louis-Philippe I, King of the French

1773-1850
King of France 1830-1848
Sitter associated with 20 portraits

Thomas Babington Macaulay, Baron Macaulay

1800-1859
Historian, poet and whig politician, MP for several constituencies
Sitter in 26 portraits

Sir James Mackintosh

1765-1832
Philosopher
Sitter in 7 portraits

Edward Maltby

1770-1859
Bishop of Durham
Sitter in 1 portrait

William Lamb, 2nd Viscount Melbourne

1779-1848
Prime Minister
Sitter associated with 141 portraits

Thomas Spring Rice, 1st Baron Monteagle of Brandon

1790-1866
Whig politician and Chancellor of the Exchequer
Sitter associated with 81 portraits