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Prince Leopold, Duke of Albany (1853-1884), Fourth and youngest son of Queen Victoria

Sitter in 55 portraits
The birth of Leopold was the first at which Victoria used chloroform, thus sanctioning the use of anaesthesia recently developed by James Young Simpson. Leopold inherited the disease of haemophilia from his mother and spent most of his childhood as a semi-invalid. He also suffered from epilepsy, an illness that affected the course of his life. Unable to pursue a military career because of his illness, he instead became a patron of the arts and literature and served as an unofficial secretary to his mother.

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P22(2)

Group of fifteen, including Queen Victoria

by W. & D. Downey
albumen print, 25 May 1868
NPG P22(2)

P22(3)

The Gillies Ball, 1868

by W. & D. Downey
albumen print, 25 May 1868
NPG P22(3)

4711

Prince Leopold, Duke of Albany

by Sir Leslie Ward
watercolour, published in Vanity Fair 21 April 1877
NPG 4711

x134737

Queen Victoria with her family

by Caldesi, Blanford & Co, after Leonida Caldesi
albumen carte-de-visite, early 1860s (1857)
NPG x134737

x132718

'Group of Royal Family'

by and after John Jabez Edwin Mayall
albumen carte-de-visite photomontage, early 1860s
NPG x132718

x134740

Queen Victoria and her family

by Ashford Brothers & Co, after John Jabez Edwin Mayall, and John & Charles Watkins, and Georg Emil Hansen
albumen carte-de-visite, 1860s
NPG x134740

x134741

'Interiors of Buckingham Palace and Windsor Castle and Portraits of the Royal Family of Great Britain'

by Ashford Brothers & Co, after John Jabez Edwin Mayall, and John & Charles Watkins, and Georg Emil Hansen
albumen carte-de-visite, 1860s
NPG x134741

x134742

Queen Victoria with her family

after John Jabez Edwin Mayall
albumen carte-de-visite, 1860s
NPG x134742

Ax9571

Prince Albert of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha, Queen Victoria and their children

by John Jabez Edwin Mayall
albumen carte-de-visite photomontage, circa 1861
NPG Ax9571

Ax46714

Prince Leopold, Duke of Albany

by John Jabez Edwin Mayall
hand-coloured albumen carte-de-visite, February 1861
NPG Ax46714

x15726

Prince Leopold, Duke of Albany

by John Jabez Edwin Mayall
albumen carte-de-visite, February 1861
NPG x15726

x127200

Prince Leopold, Duke of Albany

by Ghemar Frères
albumen carte-de-visite, circa 1862
NPG x127200

x197214

Album introductory carte-de-visite with members of the Royal Family

by Ashford Brothers & Co, after John Jabez Edwin Mayall, and Ghemar Frères, and (Octavius) Charles Watkins, and Émile Desmaisons, and Unknown photographers
albumen carte-de-visite, circa 1862
NPG x197214

x36347

Queen Victoria with her family

by John Jabez Edwin Mayall
carbon print on cropped Imperial cabinet card mount, 1863
NPG x36347

Ax131299

Queen Victoria with her family

by John Jabez Edwin Mayall
albumen carte-de-visite, 1863
NPG Ax131299

Ax46726

Queen Victoria with her family

by John Jabez Edwin Mayall
hand-coloured albumen carte-de-visite, 1863
NPG Ax46726

Ax131373

Prince Leopold, Duke of Albany

by Hills & Saunders, published by A. Marion, Son & Co
albumen carte-de-visite, 1864
NPG Ax131373

x15724

Prince Leopold, Duke of Albany

by Hills & Saunders, published by A. Marion, Son & Co
albumen carte-de-visite, 1864
NPG x15724

Ax46745

Prince Leopold, Duke of Albany; Prince Alfred, Duke of Edinburgh and Saxe-Coburg and Gotha

by Hills & Saunders, published by A. Marion, Son & Co
hand-coloured albumen carte-de-visite, 19 April 1864
NPG Ax46745

x131268

The children of Queen Victoria

by Robert Jefferson Bingham
albumen carte-de-visite, August 1865
NPG x131268

Ax46728

Prince Leopold, Duke of Albany

by Hills & Saunders, published by A. Marion, Son & Co
hand-coloured albumen carte-de-visite, 1866
NPG Ax46728

x3610

Royal group at Balmoral

by W. & D. Downey
albumen carte-de-visite, 25 May 1868
NPG x3610

x45109

Prince Leopold, Duke of Albany; Robinson Duckworth

by Hills & Saunders
albumen carte-de-visite, circa 1870
NPG x45109

x15725

Prince Leopold, Duke of Albany

by Hills & Saunders
albumen carte-de-visite, circa 1870
NPG x15725

x15728

Prince Leopold, Duke of Albany

by Elliott & Fry
albumen carte-de-visite, early 1870s
NPG x15728

x139601

'Her Most Gracious Majesty the Queen and Family'

published by Hughes & Edmonds
albumen carte-de-visite, 1870s
NPG x139601

Ax46164

Prince Leopold, Duke of Albany

by W. & D. Downey
albumen carte-de-visite, March 1872
NPG Ax46164

x15727

Prince Leopold, Duke of Albany

by Lombardi & Co
albumen carte-de-visite, circa late 1870s
NPG x15727

x15730

Prince Leopold, Duke of Albany

by Alexander Bassano
albumen cabinet card, circa 1883
NPG x15730

x15729

Prince Leopold, Duke of Albany

by Alexander Bassano
albumen cabinet card, circa 1883
NPG x15729

x8746

Prince Leopold, Duke of Albany

by Alexander Bassano, published by J. Beagles & Co
postcard print, 1900s (circa 1883)
NPG x8746

D33802

Prince Leopold, Duke of Albany

by Richard James Lane, printed by M & N Hanhart, after Franz Xaver Winterhalter
lithograph, 1855 (1855)
NPG D33802

D35060

Prince Leopold, Duke of Albany

by Richard James Lane, printed by M & N Hanhart, after Franz Xaver Winterhalter
lithograph, 1855 (1855)
NPG D35060

D21991

Prince Leopold, Duke of Albany

by Richard James Lane, printed by M & N Hanhart, after Franz Xaver Winterhalter
lithograph, 1855 (1855)
NPG D21991

D33803

Prince Leopold, Duke of Albany

by Richard James Lane, printed by M & N Hanhart, published by John Mitchell, after William Bembridge
lithograph, published 12 July 1859
NPG D33803

D22129

Prince Leopold, Duke of Albany

by Richard James Lane, printed by M & N Hanhart, published by John Mitchell, after William Bembridge
lithograph, published 12 July 1859
NPG D22129

D33661

Key to 'Royal Family Group, 1874' (Queen Victoria with her family)

after Thomas Agnew & Sons Ltd, after Unknown artist
ink on acetate, (1881)
NPG D33661

Ax9578

Prince Leopold, Duke of Albany

by John Jabez Edwin Mayall
albumen carte-de-visite, 1 March 1861
NPG Ax9578

x34166

Prince Leopold, Duke of Albany

by Hills & Saunders
albumen print, 1873
NPG x34166

x35279

Prince Leopold, Duke of Albany

by Hills & Saunders
collodion negative, 1877
NPG x35279

x95989

Prince Leopold, Duke of Albany

by Alexander Bassano
half-plate glass negative, circa 1883
NPG x95989

x95990

Prince Leopold, Duke of Albany

by Alexander Bassano
half-plate glass negative, circa 1883
NPG x95990

x95991

Prince Leopold, Duke of Albany

by Alexander Bassano
half-plate glass negative, circa 1883
NPG x95991

x95992

Prince Leopold, Duke of Albany

by Alexander Bassano
half-plate glass negative, mid 1880s
NPG x95992

x95993

Prince Leopold, Duke of Albany

by Alexander Bassano
half-plate glass negative, mid 1880s
NPG x95993

x95994

Prince Leopold, Duke of Albany

by Alexander Bassano
half-plate glass negative, mid 1880s
NPG x95994