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Thomas Howard, 14th Earl of Arundel, 4th Earl of Surrey and 1st Earl of Norfolk (1585-1646), Patron of art and collector

Sitter associated with 68 portraits
Arundel was the most influential connoisseur of his age, and was described as 'one that loved and favoured all arts and artists in great measure and was the bringer of them in to England'. He fostered the careers of Inigo Jones, Daniel Mytens, Wenceslaus Hollar, van Dyck, and Rubens, who called him 'one of the evangelists of art'. Arundel became the major influence on the connoisseurship of the royal family, and on the formation of artistic taste amongst the aristocracy and gentry. He withdrew to a self-imposed exile during the Civil War, but made his Royalist sympathies clear by donating £54,000 to the King's cause.