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Nancy Astor, Viscountess Astor (1879-1964), Conservative politician; MP for Plymouth Sutton; former wife of R.G. Shaw, and later wife of 2nd Viscount Astor; daughter of Chiswell Dabney Langhorne

Nancy Witcher Astor (née Langhorne), Viscountess Astor

Sitter in 37 portraits
American-born politician; Astor came to England in 1904 and married her second husband Waldorf Astor, whom she succeeded as Conservative MP for the Sutton division of Plymouth in 1919. A champion of women's rights, she was the first woman MP to sit in the House of Commons (1919-45). Despite playing a large part in drawing the Conservative Party's attention towards the need to attract the female electorate, Astor was repeatedly overlooked for a position in Prime Minister Stanley Baldwin's cabinet, and an attempt in 1929 to form a women's party with a number of female Labour politicians was unsuccessful. During the 1930's the Astors' house, Cliveden became the focus of many high-powered political meetings.