Clement Attlee (1883-1967), Prime Minister
Clement Richard Attlee, 1st Earl Attlee
Sitter in 46 portraits
First elected as Labour MP for Limehouse in 1922, Attlee held positions of increasing importance in the Party becoming leader in 1935, before joining the coalition War Cabinet in 1940. In the 1945 election, Labour held its first overall majority in the House of Commons. Atlee's government laid the foundations of the Welfare State as well as nationalising the Bank of England, transport, communications, coal, gas and electricity, and the iron and steel industries. He stepped down when Labour lost the 1955 election and was succeeded as leader by Hugh Gaitskell.