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John Lubbock, 1st Baron Avebury (1834-1913), Banker, politician, MP for Maidstone and London University, scientist and writer

Sitter in 23 portraits
Born into an established banking family, he served as its head from 1865 until his death. He also had a lifelong enthusiasm for natural history, receiving informal instruction from Charles Darwin, a friend and neighbour. Lubbock became a leading scientific writer, furthering Darwin's theory of natural selection in publications including Pre-Historic Times as Illustrated by Ancient Remains and The Origins & Metamorphosis of Insects and British Wild Flowers. Elected Liberal MP for Maidstone, he became famous for the Bank Holiday Bill of 1871, creating four new national holidays in addition to Christmas Day and Good Friday. Equally significant was his statutory protection of ancient monuments.

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Ax8576

John Lubbock, 1st Baron Avebury

by Henry Joseph Whitlock
albumen carte-de-visite, 1865
NPG Ax8576

x133385

John Lubbock, 1st Baron Avebury

by Lock & Whitfield
woodburytype, 1877 or before
NPG x133385

x27769

John Lubbock, 1st Baron Avebury

by Herbert Rose Barraud
albumen cabinet card, 1880s
NPG x27769

x137

John Lubbock, 1st Baron Avebury

by Herbert Rose Barraud, published by Eglington & Co
carbon print, published 1889
NPG x137

x29790

John Lubbock, 1st Baron Avebury and family

by Edgar Davey Lavender
bromide print, early 1890s
NPG x29790

x9058

John Lubbock, 1st Baron Avebury

by Francis Henry Hart, for Elliott & Fry
albumen print, circa 1890
NPG x9058

x135531

John Lubbock, 1st Baron Avebury

by Francis Henry Hart, for Elliott & Fry
albumen cabinet card, circa 1890
NPG x135531

x135649

John Lubbock, 1st Baron Avebury

by Francis Henry Hart, for Elliott & Fry
albumen carte-de-visite, circa 1890
NPG x135649

x26099

John Lubbock, 1st Baron Avebury

by Unknown photographer
snapshot print, 1900s
NPG x26099

x138

John Lubbock, 1st Baron Avebury

by Unknown photographer
halftone reproduction, 1900s
NPG x138

x134976

John Lubbock, 1st Baron Avebury

by Reginald Haines
bromide print, published 1913
NPG x134976

D10932

John Lubbock, 1st Baron Avebury

by Faustin Betbeder ('Faustin')
chromolithograph?, circa 1874
NPG D10932

D37474

John Lubbock, 1st Baron Avebury

by Moritz Klinkicht, supplement to the Illustrated London News, after Francis Henry Hart, for Elliott & Fry
wood engraving, published 15 February 1890
NPG D37474

D20741

John Lubbock, 1st Baron Avebury

after Henry Tanworth Wells
collotype, (1896)
NPG D20741

D9607

John Lubbock, 1st Baron Avebury

after Henry Tanworth Wells
collotype, 1896
NPG D9607

Ax38751

John Lubbock, 1st Baron Avebury

by Unknown photographer
albumen carte-de-visite, 1860s-1870s
NPG Ax38751

Ax17533

John Lubbock, 1st Baron Avebury

by Lock & Whitfield, published by Sampson Low, Marston, Searle and Rivington
woodburytype, published 1877
NPG Ax17533