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Robert Stephenson Smyth Baden-Powell, 1st Baron Baden-Powell (1857-1941), Major-General and founder of the Boy Scouts and Girl Guides

Sitter in 41 portraits
Baden-Powell took part in numerous campaigns in South Africa, (Zululand (1888) and Ashanti and Matabeleland (Ndebeleland) (1896)), but may be best remembered for his role in the Siege of Mafeking from October 1899-May 1900, which made him a national hero in Britain. Baden-Powell managed to hold the town while severely outnumbered by Boer forces and with barely-trained recruits for 217 days until reinforcements arrived. During the siege, a volunteer cadet corps of boys was created to support the troops and the hospital. This inspired Baden-Powell to found the Scout Movement (1907), and write and illustrate its first handbook, the bestselling Scouting for Boys (1908), which he adapted from his earlier military manuals.

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P1700(49a)

Robert Stephenson Smyth Baden-Powell, 1st Baron Baden-Powell

by Francis Henry Hart, for Elliott & Fry
albumen print, 1896
NPG P1700(49a)

5991

Robert Stephenson Smyth Baden-Powell, 1st Baron Baden-Powell

by Sir Hubert von Herkomer
oil on canvas, 1903
On display in Room 23 at the National Portrait Gallery
NPG 5991

x39330

Robert Stephenson Smyth Baden-Powell, 1st Baron Baden-Powell

by Francis Henry Hart, for Elliott & Fry
albumen cabinet card, 1896
On display in Room 23: Show case at the National Portrait Gallery
NPG x39330

x126841

Robert Stephenson Smyth Baden-Powell, 1st Baron Baden-Powell

by Francis Henry Hart, for Elliott & Fry
albumen cabinet card, 1896
NPG x126841

x82301

Robert Stephenson Smyth Baden-Powell, 1st Baron Baden-Powell

by Francis Henry Hart, for Elliott & Fry
half-plate negative, (1896)
NPG x82301

x19022

The Alma-Tadema Banquet

by Fradelle & Young
carbon print, 4 November 1899
NPG x19022

x197004

Robert Stephenson Smyth Baden-Powell, 1st Baron Baden-Powell

by Edward Lyddell Sawyer, published by Ogden's
halftone cigarette card, published 1900s
NPG x197004

x197226

Sir Alexander John Godley; Robert Stephenson Smyth Baden-Powell, 1st Baron Baden-Powell

published by Underwood & Underwood
albumen stereoscopic card, 17 June 1900
NPG x197226

x26378

Robert Stephenson Smyth Baden-Powell, 1st Baron Baden-Powell

by B.L. Lingley, published by Keystone View Company
albumen stereoscopic card, 1901
NPG x26378

x45253

Robert Stephenson Smyth Baden-Powell, 1st Baron Baden-Powell

by Henry Walter ('H. Walter') Barnett
vintage bromide print, 1908
NPG x45253

x126434

Robert Stephenson Smyth Baden-Powell, 1st Baron Baden-Powell

by Henry Walter ('H. Walter') Barnett
whole-plate glass negative, 1908
NPG x126434

x126435

Robert Stephenson Smyth Baden-Powell, 1st Baron Baden-Powell

by Henry Walter ('H. Walter') Barnett
whole-plate glass negative, 1908
NPG x126435

x126436

Robert Stephenson Smyth Baden-Powell, 1st Baron Baden-Powell

by Henry Walter ('H. Walter') Barnett
12 x 10 inch glass plate negative, 1908
NPG x126436

x126437

Robert Stephenson Smyth Baden-Powell, 1st Baron Baden-Powell

by Henry Walter ('H. Walter') Barnett
12 x 10 inch glass plate negative, 1908
NPG x126437

x129938

Robert Stephenson Smyth Baden-Powell, 1st Baron Baden-Powell

by Vandyk
12 x 10 inch glass plate negative, 22 February 1923
NPG x129938

x126838

Robert Stephenson Smyth Baden-Powell, 1st Baron Baden-Powell

by James Jarché, for Daily Herald
modern bromide print from original negative, 31 October 1934
NPG x126838

x126839

Robert Stephenson Smyth Baden-Powell, 1st Baron Baden-Powell

by James Jarché, for Daily Herald
modern bromide print from original negative, 31 October 1934
NPG x126839

D42842

Robert Stephenson Smyth Baden-Powell, 1st Baron Baden-Powell

published by Richard Maynard, after Elliott & Fry
lithograph, circa 1900 (1896)
NPG D42842

x137667

Robert Stephenson Smyth Baden-Powell, 1st Baron Baden-Powell

by Henry Walter ('H. Walter') Barnett
whole-plate glass negative, 1908
NPG x137667

x193604

'Soldiers of the King'

published by Rotary Photographic Co Ltd
postcard print, circa 1914
NPG x193604