Search the Collections

Robert Stephenson Smyth Baden-Powell, 1st Baron Baden-Powell (1857-1941), Major-General and founder of the Boy Scouts and Girl Guides

Sitter in 41 portraits
Baden-Powell took part in numerous campaigns in South Africa, (Zululand (1888) and Ashanti and Matabeleland (Ndebeleland) (1896)), but may be best remembered for his role in the Siege of Mafeking from October 1899-May 1900, which made him a national hero in Britain. Baden-Powell managed to hold the town while severely outnumbered by Boer forces and with barely-trained recruits for 217 days until reinforcements arrived. During the siege, a volunteer cadet corps of boys was created to support the troops and the hospital. This inspired Baden-Powell to found the Scout Movement (1907), and write and illustrate its first handbook, the bestselling Scouting for Boys (1908), which he adapted from his earlier military manuals.

List Thumbnail

x126838

Robert Stephenson Smyth Baden-Powell, 1st Baron Baden-Powell

by James Jarché, for Daily Herald
modern bromide print from original negative, 31 October 1934
NPG x126838

x126839

Robert Stephenson Smyth Baden-Powell, 1st Baron Baden-Powell

by James Jarché, for Daily Herald
modern bromide print from original negative, 31 October 1934
NPG x126839

x137667

Robert Stephenson Smyth Baden-Powell, 1st Baron Baden-Powell

by Henry Walter ('H. Walter') Barnett
whole-plate glass negative, 1908
NPG x137667

x139622

Robert Stephenson Smyth Baden-Powell, 1st Baron Baden-Powell

by Bassano Ltd
vintage contact print, 1912
NPG x139622

x193604

'Soldiers of the King'

published by Rotary Photographic Co Ltd
vintage postcard print, circa 1914
NPG x193604