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Arthur James Balfour, 1st Earl of Balfour (1848-1930), Prime Minister and philosopher

Sitter in 117 portraits
Born at Whittingehame House, East Lothian and educated at Eton College and Trinity College, Cambridge; Balfour first made his mark as a philosopher, publishing A Defence of Philosophic Doubt in 1879; he entered politics in 1874 through the patronage of his uncle, Lord Salisbury, as a Conservative member for Hertford; succeeded Salisbury as prime minister in 1902 but was unable to keep together a party divided by issues of Free Trade and Protectionism and resigned in 1905; during the First World War he worked as First Lord of the Admiralty and, from 1916 to 1919, as Foreign Secretary; Balfour continued in politics until the age of eighty, having served for twenty-seven years as a member of the cabinet.

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P144

Arthur James Balfour, 1st Earl of Balfour

by Eveleen Myers (nee Tennant)
platinum print, circa 1890
NPG P144

2949

Arthur James Balfour, 1st Earl of Balfour

by Sir Lawrence Alma-Tadema
oil on canvas, exhibited 1891
On display in the Dining Room at Bodelwyddan Castle
NPG 2949

2864a

Arthur James Balfour, 1st Earl of Balfour

by Sir Francis Carruthers Gould ('F.C.G.')
pen and ink, circa 1900-1908
NPG 2864a

6620

Arthur James Balfour, 1st Earl of Balfour

by John Singer Sargent
oil on canvas, 1908
On display in Room 25 at the National Portrait Gallery
NPG 6620

2463

Statesmen of World War I

by Sir James Guthrie
oil on canvas, 1924-1930
On display in Room 30 at the National Portrait Gallery
NPG 2463

x22246

Arthur James Balfour, 1st Earl of Balfour

by London Stereoscopic & Photographic Company
albumen cabinet card, 1870s-1900s
NPG x22246

x197000

Arthur James Balfour, 1st Earl of Balfour

by James Russell & Sons, published by Ogden's
cigarette card, 1887; published circa 1895-1906
NPG x197000

x134495

Arthur James Balfour, 1st Earl of Balfour

by Lafayette (Lafayette Ltd)
albumen cabinet card, circa 1888
NPG x134495

x12549

Arthur James Balfour, 1st Earl of Balfour

by Elliott & Fry
albumen cabinet card, 1889
NPG x12549

x127405

Arthur James Balfour, 1st Earl of Balfour

by Elliott & Fry
chlorobromide print on cream card mount, 1889
NPG x127405