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Arthur James Balfour, 1st Earl of Balfour

(1848-1930), Prime Minister and philosopher

Sitter in 129 portraits
Born at Whittingehame House, East Lothian and educated at Eton College and Trinity College, Cambridge; Balfour first made his mark as a philosopher, publishing A Defence of Philosophic Doubt in 1879; he entered politics in 1874 through the patronage of his uncle, Lord Salisbury, as a Conservative member for Hertford; succeeded Salisbury as prime minister in 1902 but was unable to keep together a party divided by issues of Free Trade and Protectionism and resigned in 1905; during the First World War he worked as First Lord of the Admiralty and, from 1916 to 1919, as Foreign Secretary; Balfour continued in politics until the age of eighty, having served for twenty-seven years as a member of the cabinet.

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Arthur James Balfour, 1st Earl of Balfour, by Eveleen Myers (née Tennant) - NPG P144

Arthur James Balfour, 1st Earl of Balfour

by Eveleen Myers (née Tennant)
platinum print, circa 1890
NPG P144

Arthur James Balfour, 1st Earl of Balfour, by Sir Lawrence Alma-Tadema - NPG 2949

Arthur James Balfour, 1st Earl of Balfour

by Sir Lawrence Alma-Tadema
oil on canvas, exhibited 1891
On display in the Dining Room at Bodelwyddan Castle
NPG 2949

Arthur James Balfour, 1st Earl of Balfour, by Sir Francis Carruthers Gould ('F.C.G.') - NPG 2864a

Arthur James Balfour, 1st Earl of Balfour

by Sir Francis Carruthers Gould ('F.C.G.')
pen and ink, circa 1900-1908
NPG 2864a

Arthur James Balfour, 1st Earl of Balfour, by John Singer Sargent - NPG 6620

Arthur James Balfour, 1st Earl of Balfour

by John Singer Sargent
oil on canvas, 1908
On display in Room 25 at the National Portrait Gallery
NPG 6620

Statesmen of World War I, by Sir James Guthrie - NPG 2463

Statesmen of World War I

by Sir James Guthrie
oil on canvas, 1924-1930
On display in Room 30 at the National Portrait Gallery
NPG 2463

Arthur James Balfour, 1st Earl of Balfour, published by Charles Bruce - NPG x197718

Arthur James Balfour, 1st Earl of Balfour

published by Charles Bruce
collotype postcard print, 1900s (circa 1864)
NPG x197718

Arthur James Balfour, 1st Earl of Balfour, by London Stereoscopic & Photographic Company - NPG x22246

Arthur James Balfour, 1st Earl of Balfour

by London Stereoscopic & Photographic Company
albumen cabinet card, 1870s-1900s
NPG x22246

Arthur James Balfour, 1st Earl of Balfour, by James Russell & Sons, published by  Ogden's - NPG x197000

Arthur James Balfour, 1st Earl of Balfour

by James Russell & Sons, published by Ogden's
cigarette card, 1887, published circa 1895-1906
NPG x197000

Arthur James Balfour, 1st Earl of Balfour, by James Russell & Sons, published by  Rotary Photographic Co Ltd - NPG x197715

Arthur James Balfour, 1st Earl of Balfour

by James Russell & Sons, published by Rotary Photographic Co Ltd
bromide postcard print, early 1900s (1887)
NPG x197715

Arthur James Balfour, 1st Earl of Balfour, by Lafayette (Lafayette Ltd) - NPG x134495

Arthur James Balfour, 1st Earl of Balfour

by Lafayette (Lafayette Ltd)
albumen cabinet card, circa 1888
NPG x134495

Arthur James Balfour, 1st Earl of Balfour, by Elliott & Fry - NPG x12549

Arthur James Balfour, 1st Earl of Balfour

by Elliott & Fry
albumen cabinet card, 1889
NPG x12549

Arthur James Balfour, 1st Earl of Balfour, by Alfred Werner & Son - NPG x197245

Arthur James Balfour, 1st Earl of Balfour

by Alfred Werner & Son
albumen cabinet card, 1889
NPG x197245

Arthur James Balfour, 1st Earl of Balfour, by Elliott & Fry - NPG x127405

Arthur James Balfour, 1st Earl of Balfour

by Elliott & Fry
chlorobromide print on cream card mount, 1889
NPG x127405

Arthur James Balfour, 1st Earl of Balfour, by Elliott & Fry - NPG x82454

Arthur James Balfour, 1st Earl of Balfour

by Elliott & Fry
half-plate glass copy negative, 1889
NPG x82454

Arthur James Balfour, 1st Earl of Balfour, by Lafayette (Lafayette Ltd), published by  J. Beagles & Co - NPG x197716

Arthur James Balfour, 1st Earl of Balfour

by Lafayette (Lafayette Ltd), published by J. Beagles & Co
bromide postcard print, 1900s (1890s)
NPG x197716

Arthur James Balfour, 1st Earl of Balfour, by W. & D. Downey, published by  Cassell & Company, Ltd - NPG Ax27926

Arthur James Balfour, 1st Earl of Balfour

by W. & D. Downey, published by Cassell & Company, Ltd
carbon print, published 1894
NPG Ax27926

Arthur James Balfour, 1st Earl of Balfour, by W. & D. Downey - NPG x179

Arthur James Balfour, 1st Earl of Balfour

by W. & D. Downey
carbon print, published 1894
NPG x179

Arthur James Balfour, 1st Earl of Balfour, by London Stereoscopic & Photographic Company - NPG x374

Arthur James Balfour, 1st Earl of Balfour

by London Stereoscopic & Photographic Company
carbon print, before 1895
NPG x374

Arthur James Balfour, 1st Earl of Balfour, by Sir (John) Benjamin Stone - NPG x8283

Arthur James Balfour, 1st Earl of Balfour

by Sir (John) Benjamin Stone
platinum print, 1897
NPG x8283

Arthur James Balfour, 1st Earl of Balfour, by Sir (John) Benjamin Stone - NPG x8284

Arthur James Balfour, 1st Earl of Balfour

by Sir (John) Benjamin Stone
platinum print, November 1899
NPG x8284

Arthur James Balfour, 1st Earl of Balfour, by Elliott & Fry, published by  J. Beagles & Co - NPG x197714

Arthur James Balfour, 1st Earl of Balfour

by Elliott & Fry, published by J. Beagles & Co
bromide postcard print, 1900s
NPG x197714

Arthur James Balfour, 1st Earl of Balfour, by Alexander Bassano - NPG x96263

Arthur James Balfour, 1st Earl of Balfour

by Alexander Bassano
half-plate glass negative, 1900?
NPG x96263

Arthur James Balfour, 1st Earl of Balfour, by London Stereoscopic & Photographic Company - NPG x177

Arthur James Balfour, 1st Earl of Balfour

by London Stereoscopic & Photographic Company
albumen cabinet card, August 1902
NPG x177

Arthur James Balfour, 1st Earl of Balfour, by George Charles Beresford - NPG x8451

Arthur James Balfour, 1st Earl of Balfour

by George Charles Beresford
platinum print, 1902
NPG x8451

Arthur James Balfour, 1st Earl of Balfour, by Bassano Ltd, published by  Davidson Brothers - NPG x193620

Arthur James Balfour, 1st Earl of Balfour

by Bassano Ltd, published by Davidson Brothers
bromide postcard print, circa 1902
NPG x193620

Arthur James Balfour, 1st Earl of Balfour, by Bassano Ltd, published by  Rotary Photographic Co Ltd - NPG x197713

Arthur James Balfour, 1st Earl of Balfour

by Bassano Ltd, published by Rotary Photographic Co Ltd
bromide postcard print, circa 1902
NPG x197713

Arthur James Balfour, 1st Earl of Balfour, by London Stereoscopic & Photographic Company - NPG x197717

Arthur James Balfour, 1st Earl of Balfour

by London Stereoscopic & Photographic Company
bromide postcard print, 1902
NPG x197717

Arthur James Balfour, 1st Earl of Balfour, by Lafayette (Lafayette Ltd), published by  Raphael Tuck & Sons - NPG x198168

Arthur James Balfour, 1st Earl of Balfour

by Lafayette (Lafayette Ltd), published by Raphael Tuck & Sons
postcard print, 1902
NPG x198168

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