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Arthur James Balfour, 1st Earl of Balfour (1848-1930), Prime Minister and philosopher

Sitter in 117 portraits
Born at Whittingehame House, East Lothian and educated at Eton College and Trinity College, Cambridge; Balfour first made his mark as a philosopher, publishing A Defence of Philosophic Doubt in 1879; he entered politics in 1874 through the patronage of his uncle, Lord Salisbury, as a Conservative member for Hertford; succeeded Salisbury as prime minister in 1902 but was unable to keep together a party divided by issues of Free Trade and Protectionism and resigned in 1905; during the First World War he worked as First Lord of the Admiralty and, from 1916 to 1919, as Foreign Secretary; Balfour continued in politics until the age of eighty, having served for twenty-seven years as a member of the cabinet.

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x137233

Arthur James Balfour, 1st Earl of Balfour

by James Russell & Sons
vintage print, published 1916
NPG x137233

Ax39003

Arthur James Balfour, 1st Earl of Balfour

by Walter Stoneman, for James Russell & Sons
bromide print, circa 1916
NPG Ax39003

x32125

The Imperial War Cabinet

by Vandyk
negative, 25 June 1918
NPG x32125

x184176

Arthur James Balfour, 1st Earl of Balfour

by James Russell & Sons
vintage print, 1920s
NPG x184176

Ax142186

Arthur James Balfour, 1st Earl of Balfour

by Lady Ottoline Morrell
vintage snapshot print, 1925
NPG Ax142186

Ax142323

Arthur James Balfour, 1st Earl of Balfour; unknown woman

by Lady Ottoline Morrell
vintage snapshot print, Autumn 1925
NPG Ax142323

Ax142324

Arthur James Balfour, 1st Earl of Balfour

by Lady Ottoline Morrell
vintage snapshot print, Autumn 1925
NPG Ax142324

Ax142332

Arthur James Balfour, 1st Earl of Balfour

by Lady Ottoline Morrell
vintage snapshot print, Autumn 1925
NPG Ax142332

x180

Arthur James Balfour, 1st Earl of Balfour

by London Stereoscopic & Photographic Company
platinum print
NPG x180

x181

Arthur James Balfour, 1st Earl of Balfour

by London Stereoscopic & Photographic Company
NPG x181

D23379

Arthur James Balfour, 1st Earl of Balfour

after (Marion Margaret) Violet Manners (née Lindsay), Duchess of Rutland
lithograph, 1888
NPG D23379

D20769

Arthur James Balfour, 1st Earl of Balfour

published by Paul and Dominic Colnaghi & Co, after Charles William Sherborn, after (Marion Margaret) Violet Manners (née Lindsay), Duchess of Rutland
photogravure, 1889 (1888)
NPG D20769