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Arthur James Balfour, 1st Earl of Balfour (1848-1930), Prime Minister and philosopher

Sitter in 125 portraits
Born at Whittingehame House, East Lothian and educated at Eton College and Trinity College, Cambridge; Balfour first made his mark as a philosopher, publishing A Defence of Philosophic Doubt in 1879; he entered politics in 1874 through the patronage of his uncle, Lord Salisbury, as a Conservative member for Hertford; succeeded Salisbury as prime minister in 1902 but was unable to keep together a party divided by issues of Free Trade and Protectionism and resigned in 1905; during the First World War he worked as First Lord of the Admiralty and, from 1916 to 1919, as Foreign Secretary; Balfour continued in politics until the age of eighty, having served for twenty-seven years as a member of the cabinet.

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x95736

Arthur James Balfour, 1st Earl of Balfour

by Alexander Bassano
12 x 10 inch glass plate negative, circa 1900
NPG x95736

x95737

Arthur James Balfour, 1st Earl of Balfour

by Alexander Bassano
12 x 10 inch glass plate negative, circa 1900
NPG x95737

x96264

Arthur James Balfour, 1st Earl of Balfour

by Alexander Bassano
half-plate glass negative, 1900?
NPG x96264

x6430

Arthur James Balfour, 1st Earl of Balfour

by George Charles Beresford
dry-plate glass negative, 1902
NPG x6430

x193620

Arthur James Balfour, 1st Earl of Balfour

by Bassano Ltd, published by Davidson Brothers
vintage postcard print, circa 1902
NPG x193620

x197713

Arthur James Balfour, 1st Earl of Balfour

by Bassano Ltd, published by Rotary Photographic Co Ltd
vintage postcard print, circa 1902
NPG x197713

x197717

Arthur James Balfour, 1st Earl of Balfour

by London Stereoscopic & Photographic Company
vintage bromide postcard print, 1902
NPG x197717

x76141

Arthur James Balfour, 1st Earl of Balfour

by Henry Walter ('H. Walter') Barnett
half-plate glass negative, 1903
NPG x76141

x81440

Arthur James Balfour, 1st Earl of Balfour

by Henry Walter ('H. Walter') Barnett
whole-plate glass negative, 1903
NPG x81440

x81445

Arthur James Balfour, 1st Earl of Balfour

by Henry Walter ('H. Walter') Barnett
glass negative, November 1903
NPG x81445

x197883

'King Edward & His Empire Builders'

published by Rotary Photographic Co Ltd
vintage postcard print, circa 1907
NPG x197883

x135697

'Silver Wedding Presentation to the Speaker and Mrs Lowther'

by Sir (John) Benjamin Stone
platinum print, 3 May 1911
NPG x135697

x183

Arthur James Balfour, 1st Earl of Balfour

by London Stereoscopic & Photographic Company
halftone reproduction, circa 1913
NPG x183

x29045

Arthur James Balfour, 1st Earl of Balfour

by Vandyk
glass negative, 10 August 1916
NPG x29045

x197888

Arthur James Balfour, 1st Earl of Balfour; Sir Cecil Arthur Spring-Rice

by Bain News Service
vintage print, 24 April 1917
NPG x197888

x376

Arthur James Balfour, 1st Earl of Balfour

by Walter Stoneman
negative, 1921
NPG x376

x67279

Arthur James Balfour, 1st Earl of Balfour

by Walter Stoneman
negative, 1921
NPG x67279

x67280

Arthur James Balfour, 1st Earl of Balfour

by Walter Stoneman
negative, 1921
NPG x67280