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William Riddell Birdwood, 1st Baron Birdwood

(1865-1951), Field Marshal

Sitter in 21 portraits
Born in India but educated at Clifton College, Bristol and the Royal Military College, Sandhurst; first saw active service in the Black Mountain expedition in 1891; advanced to captain in 1896; travelled to South Africa as a special service officer in 1899; became major-general in 1911; in 1912 he became secretary to the government of India in the army department and a member of the governor-general's legislative council; commanded the Australian and New Zealand forces (Anzacs) landing of Gallipoli; promoted general in 1917 and toured Australia in 1920 to great acclaim; after the First World War he commanded the northern army in India and was promoted field marshal in 1925.



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