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Sir Francis Burdett, 5th Bt

(1770-1844), Parliamentary reformer

Sitter associated with 118 portraits
An aristocrat and an independent MP, Burdett entered Parliament in 1796 to become the most influential radical politician. He championed free speech, personal liberty and radical state prisoners. In 1807, with the help of labour activist Francis Place, Burdett successfully stood for Westminster - a hotbed of radicalism. He was arrested and imprisoned for denouncing the House of Common's decision to bar journalists from some debates. Burdett became a national celebrity as 'Burdett and Liberty' riots exploded onto London's streets, marking a shift of popular sympathy towards electoral reform.

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Sir Francis Burdett, 5th Bt, by Sir Thomas Lawrence - NPG 3820

Sir Francis Burdett, 5th Bt

by Sir Thomas Lawrence
oil on canvas, circa 1793
On display in Room 20 at the National Portrait Gallery
NPG 3820

Sir Francis Burdett, 5th Bt, by Adam Buck - NPG 1229

Sir Francis Burdett, 5th Bt

by Adam Buck
watercolour, circa 1810
NPG 1229

The Trial of Queen Caroline 1820, by Sir George Hayter - NPG 999

The Trial of Queen Caroline 1820

by Sir George Hayter
oil on canvas, 1820-1823
On display in Room 17 at the National Portrait Gallery
NPG 999

The House of Commons, 1833, by Sir George Hayter - NPG 54

The House of Commons, 1833

by Sir George Hayter
oil on canvas, 1833-1843
On display in Room 20 at the National Portrait Gallery
NPG 54

Sir Francis Burdett, 5th Bt, by Thomas Phillips - NPG 34

Sir Francis Burdett, 5th Bt

by Thomas Phillips
oil on canvas, 1834
NPG 34

Sir Francis Burdett, 5th Bt, by Sir William Charles Ross - NPG 2056

Sir Francis Burdett, 5th Bt

by Sir William Charles Ross
watercolour on ivory, circa 1840
NPG 2056

Sir Francis Burdett, 5th Bt, by Sir Edwin Henry Landseer - NPG 3140

Sir Francis Burdett, 5th Bt

by Sir Edwin Henry Landseer
oil on canvas, circa 1840
NPG 3140

Sir Francis Burdett, 5th Bt, by Sir Martin Archer Shee - NPG 432

Sir Francis Burdett, 5th Bt

by Sir Martin Archer Shee
oil on canvas, 1843
NPG 432

Sir Francis Burdett, 5th Bt ('Messager d'Etat'), by James Gillray, published by  Hannah Humphrey - NPG D12647

Sir Francis Burdett, 5th Bt ('Messager d'Etat')

by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
hand-coloured aquatint, published 21 May 1798
NPG D12647

'The explanation', by James Gillray, published by  Hannah Humphrey - NPG D12651

'The explanation'

by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
hand-coloured etching, published 30 May 1798
NPG D12651

'Pigs meat; - or - the swine flogg'd out of the farm yard', by James Gillray, published by  Hannah Humphrey - NPG D12654

'Pigs meat; - or - the swine flogg'd out of the farm yard'

by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
hand-coloured etching, published 22 June 1798
NPG D12654

'Nelson's Victory; - or - good-news operating upon loyal-feelings', by James Gillray, published by  Hannah Humphrey - NPG D12659

'Nelson's Victory; - or - good-news operating upon loyal-feelings'

by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
hand-coloured etching, published 3 October 1798
NPG D12659

'Doublûres of characters; - or - striking resemblances in phisiognomy', by James Gillray, published by  John Wright - NPG D12663

'Doublûres of characters; - or - striking resemblances in phisiognomy'

by James Gillray, published by John Wright
hand-coloured aquatint and soft-ground etching, published 1 November 1798
NPG D12663

'Stealing off; - or - prudent secession', by James Gillray, published by  Hannah Humphrey - NPG D12665

'Stealing off; - or - prudent secession'

by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
hand-coloured etching and aquatint, published 6 November 1798
NPG D12665

'Meeting of the monied interest', by James Gillray, published by  Hannah Humphrey - NPG D12672

'Meeting of the monied interest'

by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
hand-coloured etching and aquatint, published 13 December 1798
NPG D12672

'Citizens visiting the Bastille' (John Courtenay; Sir Francis Burdett, 5th Bt), by James Gillray, published by  Hannah Humphrey - NPG D12676

'Citizens visiting the Bastille' (John Courtenay; Sir Francis Burdett, 5th Bt)

by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
hand-coloured etching, published 16 January 1799
NPG D12676

'A charm for a democracy, reviewed, analysed, & destroyed Jany 1st 1799 to the confusion of its affiliated friends', by Thomas Rowlandson, published by  James Whittle - NPG D12677

'A charm for a democracy, reviewed, analysed, & destroyed Jany 1st 1799 to the confusion of its affiliated friends'

by Thomas Rowlandson, published by James Whittle
hand-coloured etching, published 1 February 1799
NPG D12677

'Exhibition of a democratic-transparency, - with its effect upon patriotic feelings', by James Gillray, published by  Hannah Humphrey - NPG D13096

'Exhibition of a democratic-transparency, - with its effect upon patriotic feelings'

by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
hand-coloured etching and aquatint, published 15 April 1799
NPG D13096

Sir Francis Burdett, 5th Bt, by Unknown artist - NPG D7026

Sir Francis Burdett, 5th Bt

by Unknown artist
bronze token, early 19th century
NPG D7026

'Integrity retiring from office!', by James Gillray, published by  Hannah Humphrey - NPG D12756

'Integrity retiring from office!'

by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
hand-coloured etching and aquatint, published 24 February 1801
NPG D12756

'Preliminaries of peace! - or - John Bull, and his little friends "marching to Paris"', by James Gillray, published by  Hannah Humphrey - NPG D12768

'Preliminaries of peace! - or - John Bull, and his little friends "marching to Paris"'

by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
hand-coloured etching, published 6 October 1801
NPG D12768

'Political dreamings! - Visions of peace! - Perspective horrors!', by James Gillray, published by  Hannah Humphrey - NPG D12769

'Political dreamings! - Visions of peace! - Perspective horrors!'

by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
hand-coloured etching, published 9 November 1801
NPG D12769

'Preparing for the grand attack, - or - a private rehearsal of "The ci-devant ministry in danger"', by James Gillray, published by  Hannah Humphrey - NPG D12774

'Preparing for the grand attack, - or - a private rehearsal of "The ci-devant ministry in danger"'

by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
hand-coloured etching and aquatint, published 4 December 1801
NPG D12774

Sir Francis Burdett, 5th Bt, by and published by Piercy Roberts - NPG D19556

Sir Francis Burdett, 5th Bt

by and published by Piercy Roberts
hand-coloured etching, published circa 1801-1807
NPG D19556

'Despair' (Richard Bateman Robson; John Horne Tooke; Thomas Tyrwhitt Jones; Sir Francis Burdett, 5th Bt), by James Gillray, published by  Hannah Humphrey - NPG D12787

'Despair' (Richard Bateman Robson; John Horne Tooke; Thomas Tyrwhitt Jones; Sir Francis Burdett, 5th Bt)

by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
hand-coloured etching and aquatint, published 8 April 1802
NPG D12787

storming Heaven; - with, the gods alarmed for their everlasting-abodes', by James Gillray, published by  Hannah Humphrey - NPG D13106

storming Heaven; - with, the gods alarmed for their everlasting-abodes'

by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
hand-coloured etching, engraving and aquatint, published 1 May 1804
NPG D13106

'L'assemblée nationale: - or - grand cooperation meeting at St Ann's Hill', by James Gillray, published by  Hannah Humphrey - NPG D13107

'L'assemblée nationale: - or - grand cooperation meeting at St Ann's Hill'

by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
hand-coloured etching, published 18 June 1804
NPG D13107

'Middlesex-election. 1804', by James Gillray, published by  Hannah Humphrey - NPG D13108

'Middlesex-election. 1804'

by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
hand-coloured etching and aquatint, published 7 August 1804
NPG D13108

Sir Francis Burdett, 5th Bt, by Anthony Cardon, after  Richard Cosway - NPG D19935

Sir Francis Burdett, 5th Bt

by Anthony Cardon, after Richard Cosway
stipple engraving, published 1804
NPG D19935

Sir Francis Burdett, 5th Bt, by George Dawe, after  Samuel Woodhouse - NPG D32399

Sir Francis Burdett, 5th Bt

by George Dawe, after Samuel Woodhouse
mezzotint, published 1805
NPG D32399

'Uncorking old-sherry', by James Gillray, published by  Hannah Humphrey - NPG D12841

'Uncorking old-sherry'

by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
hand-coloured etching and aquatint, published 10 March 1805
NPG D12841

'The guardian-angel', by James Gillray, published by  Hannah Humphrey - NPG D12842

'The guardian-angel'

by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
hand-coloured etching and aquatint, published 22 April 1805
NPG D12842

'End of the Irish farce of Catholic Emancipation', by James Gillray, published by  Hannah Humphrey - NPG D13110

'End of the Irish farce of Catholic Emancipation'

by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
hand-coloured etching and aquatint, published 17 May 1805
NPG D13110

'Tiddy-doll, the great French-gingerbread-baker; drawing out a new batch of kings', by James Gillray, published by  Hannah Humphrey - NPG D12857

'Tiddy-doll, the great French-gingerbread-baker; drawing out a new batch of kings'

by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
hand-coloured etching, published 23 January 1806
NPG D12857

' - "More pigs than teats", - or - the new litter of hungry grunters, sucking John-Bull's-old-sow to death', by James Gillray, published by  Hannah Humphrey - NPG D12861

' - "More pigs than teats", - or - the new litter of hungry grunters, sucking John-Bull's-old-sow to death'

by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
hand-coloured etching, published 5 March 1806
NPG D12861

'Triumphal procession of little-Paul-the taylor upon his new-goose', by James Gillray, published by  Hannah Humphrey - NPG D12881

'Triumphal procession of little-Paul-the taylor upon his new-goose'

by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
hand-coloured etching, published 8 November 1806
NPG D12881

'View of the hustings in Covent Garden', by James Gillray, published by  Hannah Humphrey, and published by  J. Budd, and published by  Richard Bagshaw - NPG D12883

'View of the hustings in Covent Garden'

by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey, and published by J. Budd, and published by Richard Bagshaw
hand-coloured etching and aquatint, published 15 December 1806
NPG D12883

'Posting to the election, - a scene on the road to Brentford, Novr 1806', by James Gillray, published by  Hannah Humphrey - NPG D13113

'Posting to the election, - a scene on the road to Brentford, Novr 1806'

by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
hand-coloured etching, published 1 December 1806
NPG D13113

'Political mathematician's, shaking the Broad Bottom'd hemispheres', by James Gillray, published by  Hannah Humphrey - NPG D12884

'Political mathematician's, shaking the Broad Bottom'd hemispheres'

by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
hand-coloured etching and engraving, published 9 January 1807
NPG D12884

'A plumper for Paul! - or - the little taylor done over!', by James Gillray, published by  Hannah Humphrey - NPG D12886

'A plumper for Paul! - or - the little taylor done over!'

by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
hand-coloured etching, published 13 March 1807
NPG D12886

'Patriots deciding a point of honour!', by James Gillray, published by  Hannah Humphrey - NPG D12889

'Patriots deciding a point of honour!'

by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
hand-coloured etching, published 4 May 1807
NPG D12889

'Election-candidates; - or - the Republican-goose at the top of the pole', probably by James Gillray, published by  Hannah Humphrey - NPG D12891

'Election-candidates; - or - the Republican-goose at the top of the pole'

probably by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
hand-coloured etching, published 20 May 1807
NPG D12891

'Charon's boat - or - the ghost's of "All the Talents" taking their last voyage', by James Gillray, published by  Hannah Humphrey - NPG D12895

'Charon's boat - or - the ghost's of "All the Talents" taking their last voyage'

by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
hand-coloured etching and aquatint, published 16 July 1807
NPG D12895

'Broad-bottom drones storming the hive - wasps, hornets & bumble bees, joining in the attack', by James Gillray, published by  Hannah Humphrey - NPG D12906

'Broad-bottom drones storming the hive - wasps, hornets & bumble bees, joining in the attack'

by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
hand-coloured etching, published 2 May 1808
NPG D12906

'The loyal address! - or - the procession of the Hampshire-hogs from Botley to St James's', by James Gillray, published by  Hannah Humphrey - NPG D12913

'The loyal address! - or - the procession of the Hampshire-hogs from Botley to St James's'

by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
hand-coloured etching and aquatint, published 20 October 1808
NPG D12913

'Patriotic-petitions on the convention', by James Gillray, published by  Hannah Humphrey - NPG D12914

'Patriotic-petitions on the convention'

by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
hand-coloured etching, published circa October 1808
NPG D12914

'The apples and the horse-turds; - or - Buonaparte among the golden pippins', by James Gillray, published by  Hannah Humphrey - NPG D13033

'The apples and the horse-turds; - or - Buonaparte among the golden pippins'

by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
hand-coloured etching, published 24 February 1808
NPG D13033

Sir Francis Burdett, 5th Bt, by and published by Henry James Richter - NPG D20342

Sir Francis Burdett, 5th Bt

by and published by Henry James Richter
stipple engraving, published 14 March 1808
NPG D20342

'Pandora opening her box', by James Gillray, published by  Hannah Humphrey - NPG D12917

'Pandora opening her box'

by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
hand-coloured etching and aquatint, published 22 February 1809
NPG D12917

'Overthrow of the Republican-Babel', by James Gillray, published by  Hannah Humphrey - NPG D12921

'Overthrow of the Republican-Babel'

by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
hand-coloured etching, published 1 May 1809
NPG D12921

'An old English-gentleman pester'd by servants wanting places', by James Gillray, published by  Hannah Humphrey - NPG D12922

'An old English-gentleman pester'd by servants wanting places'

by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
hand-coloured etching, published 16 May 1809
NPG D12922

'True reform of Parliament, - i.e. - patriots lighting a revolutionary-bonfire in New Palace Yard', by James Gillray, published by  Hannah Humphrey - NPG D12923

'True reform of Parliament, - i.e. - patriots lighting a revolutionary-bonfire in New Palace Yard'

by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
hand-coloured etching, published 14 June 1809
NPG D12923

'The life of William Cobbett - written by himself. No 6', by James Gillray, published by  Hannah Humphrey - NPG D12929

'The life of William Cobbett - written by himself. No 6'

by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
hand-coloured etching, published 29 September 1809
NPG D12929

'The life of William Cobbett - written by himself. No 7', by James Gillray, published by  Hannah Humphrey - NPG D12930

'The life of William Cobbett - written by himself. No 7'

by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
hand-coloured etching, published 29 September 1809
NPG D12930

'The life of William Cobbett - written by himself. No 8', by James Gillray, published by  Hannah Humphrey - NPG D12931

'The life of William Cobbett - written by himself. No 8'

by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
hand-coloured etching, published 29 September 1809
NPG D12931

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