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William Cecil, 1st Baron Burghley (1520-1598), Lord High Treasurer

Sitter associated with 46 portraits
Cecil served both Edward VI and Mary I but exercised most power when chief minister to their sister Elizabeth I. When she ascended to the throne, Queen Elizabeth's first appointment was to make him her principal secretary of state, making him the youngest member of her council. Throughout his life, he was the queen's most influential minister, tempering her actions with cautious but decisive advice. As a result, the Queen nicknamed Cecil her 'Spirit'. He was created Baron Burghley in 1571, and was Lord High Treasurer and Chief Minister from 1572. The only serious threat to his influence came from Robert Dudley, Earl of Leicester, whose great dislike he returned.

List Thumbnail

2184

William Cecil, 1st Baron Burghley

by Unknown Anglo-Netherlandish artist
oil on panel, 1560s
On display in Room 4 at the National Portrait Gallery
NPG 2184

715

William Cecil, 1st Baron Burghley

by Unknown artist
oil on panel, after 1572
NPG 715

604

William Cecil, 1st Baron Burghley

by Unknown artist
oil on panel, after 1572
NPG 604

1905

William Cecil, 1st Baron Burghley

by Unknown artist
oil on panel, after circa 1585
NPG 1905

525

William Cecil, 1st Baron Burghley

by Unknown artist
oil on panel, after circa 1585
NPG 525

362

William Cecil, 1st Baron Burghley

by Unknown artist
oil on panel, after 1587
On display in Room 3 at Montacute House
NPG 362

D21159

William Cecil, 1st Baron Burghley

by William Rogers, after Unknown artist
line engraving, circa 1572-1604
NPG D21159

D31857

Procession of the Knights of the Garter (sheet 5)

after Marcus Gheeraerts the Elder
photograph of engraving, (1576)
NPG D31857

D25033

Queen Elizabeth I, William Cecil, 1st Baron Burghley, Sir Francis Walsingham

after Unknown artist
line engraving, possibly early to mid 17th century
NPG D25033

D25114

William Cecil, 1st Baron Burghley

by Thomas Cecill
line engraving, possibly early to mid 17th century
NPG D25114

D25115

William Cecil, 1st Baron Burghley

after Unknown artist
line engraving, possibly 17th century
NPG D25115

D25116

William Cecil, 1st Baron Burghley

after Unknown artist
line engraving, possibly 17th century
NPG D25116

D25117

William Cecil, 1st Baron Burghley

after Unknown artist
line engraving, possibly 17th century
NPG D25117

D21163

William Cecil, 1st Baron Burghley

after Magdalena de Passe, after Willem de Passe
line engraving, 17th century
NPG D21163

D25112

William Cecil, 1st Baron Burghley

possibly by Willem de Passe
line engraving, 1620
NPG D25112

D21160

William Cecil, 1st Baron Burghley

by Thomas Cecill, after William Rogers
line engraving, 1620s-1630s
NPG D21160

D21164

William Cecil, 1st Baron Burghley

by Magdalena de Passe, by Willem de Passe
line engraving, published 1620
NPG D21164

D25111

William Cecil, 1st Baron Burghley

by William Marshall
line engraving, 1642
NPG D25111

D25113

William Cecil, 1st Baron Burghley

by William Marshall
line engraving, 1642
NPG D25113

D19050

William Cecil, 1st Baron Burghley

by William Marshall
line engraving, published 1642
NPG D19050

D21161

William Cecil, 1st Baron Burghley

by William Marshall, after Magdalena de Passe, after Willem de Passe
line engraving, published 1642
NPG D21161

D21162

William Cecil, 1st Baron Burghley

by William Marshall, after Magdalena de Passe, after Willem de Passe
line engraving, published 1642
NPG D21162

D25106

William Cecil, 1st Baron Burghley

after Unknown artist
line engraving, possibly 18th century
NPG D25106

D25107

William Cecil, 1st Baron Burghley

by John Goldar
line engraving, probably mid to late 18th century
NPG D25107

D25109

William Cecil, 1st Baron Burghley

after Unknown artist
line engraving, possibly mid 18th century
NPG D25109

D25110

William Cecil, 1st Baron Burghley

after Unknown artist
line engraving, probably mid 18th century
NPG D25110

D32414

William Cecil, 1st Baron Burghley

by Jacobus Houbraken, after Unknown artist
line engraving, published 1738
NPG D32414

D32415

William Cecil, 1st Baron Burghley

by Jacobus Houbraken, after Unknown artist
line engraving, published 1738
NPG D32415

D11100

A View of the Court of Wards and Liveries

by George Vertue
line engraving, published 1747
NPG D11100

D20134

William Cecil, 1st Baron Burghley

published by Edward Evans, after Silvester Harding
stipple engraving, circa 1775-1800
NPG D20134

D25105

William Cecil, 1st Baron Burghley

by William Nelson Gardiner
stipple engraving, possibly early 19th century
NPG D25105

D25108

William Cecil, 1st Baron Burghley

by R. Cooper
stipple engraving, probably early 19th century
NPG D25108