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Caroline Amelia Elizabeth of Brunswick (1768-1821), Queen of George IV

Sitter in 89 portraits
Married George, Prince of Wales in 1795 but he was already secretly married to Mrs Fitzherbert, only agreeing to the arranged marriage to salvage his financial position. He abandoned her just after the birth of their daughter Princess Charlotte. Caroline repaid her husband by leading a life of bawdy behaviour. Her travels took her around the Mediterranean, including Tunis, Jerusalem, Ephesus and Constantinople. In 1820 her husband wanted to divorce her so she was tried in the House of Lords for adultery, but acquitted. In July 1821 she was refused entry to George IV's coronation and died a fortnight later of shock. On her death her body was shipped back to Brunswick, her birthplace.

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244

Caroline Amelia Elizabeth of Brunswick

by Sir Thomas Lawrence
oil on canvas, 1804
On display in Room 17 at the National Portrait Gallery
NPG 244

999

The Trial of Queen Caroline 1820

by Sir George Hayter
oil on canvas, 1820-1823
On display in Room 17 at the National Portrait Gallery
NPG 999

2662(1)

Caroline Amelia Elizabeth of Brunswick

by Sir George Hayter
pen and ink, circa 1820
NPG 2662(1)

2662(8)

Caroline Amelia Elizabeth of Brunswick

by Sir George Hayter
pen and ink, circa 1820
NPG 2662(8)

D9141

Caroline Amelia Elizabeth of Brunswick

after Unknown artist
mezzotint, published 24 February 1795
NPG D9141

D33364

Caroline Amelia Elizabeth of Brunswick

by John Murphy, published by John Jeffryes, after Thomas Stothard
mezzotint, published 21 May 1795
NPG D33364

D10849

Caroline Amelia Elizabeth of Brunswick

by James Tookey, probably after Friedrich Schroeder
line engraving, published 1795
NPG D10849

D10850

Caroline Amelia Elizabeth of Brunswick

by James Tookey, probably after Friedrich Schroeder
line engraving, published 1795
NPG D10850

D12515

'The lover's dream'

by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
hand-coloured etching and aquatint, published 24 January 1795
NPG D12515

D12576

'Enchantments lately seen upon the mountains of Wales, - or - Shon-ap-Morgan's reconcilement to the fairy princess

by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
hand-coloured etching, published 30 June 1796
NPG D12576

D13023

'The Jersey smuggler detected; - or - good cause for (separation) discontent'

by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
hand-coloured etching, published 24 May 1796
NPG D13023

D12613

'The bridal night'

by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
hand-coloured etching, engraving and aquatint, published 18 May 1797
NPG D12613

D20038

King George IV; Caroline Amelia Elizabeth of Brunswick

by Michael Sloane, published by Luigi Schiavonetti, after Richard Cosway
stipple engraving, published 12 April 1797
NPG D20038

D10848

Princess Charlotte Augusta of Wales; Caroline Amelia Elizabeth of Brunswick

by Francesco Bartolozzi, after Richard Cosway
stipple engraving, published 1799
NPG D10848

D8091

Caroline Amelia Elizabeth of Brunswick

after Unknown artist
hand-coloured stipple engraving, early 19th century
NPG D8091

D8093

Caroline Amelia Elizabeth of Brunswick

after Unknown artist
coloured engraving, early 19th century
NPG D8093

D33360

Caroline Amelia Elizabeth of Brunswick

by Marie Anne Bourlier, published by Edward Harding, after Sir William Beechey
stipple engraving, published 19 May 1806
NPG D33360

D17897

R-y-l Condescension - or a Foreign Minister admonished! - April 1817

by George Cruikshank, published by George Humphrey
etching, published 15 September 1817
NPG D17897

D17899

A R-Y-L Visit to a Foreign Capital or, The Ambassador not at home - !! - April 1817

by George Cruikshank, published by George Humphrey
etching, published 15 September 1817
NPG D17899

D33361

Caroline Amelia Elizabeth of Brunswick

by and published by Henry Meyer, after James Lonsdale
stipple and line engraving, published 27 November 1820
NPG D33361

D33362

Caroline Amelia Elizabeth of Brunswick

by and published by Henry Meyer, after James Lonsdale
stipple and line engraving, published 27 November 1820
NPG D33362

D33363

Caroline Amelia Elizabeth of Brunswick

by Robert Cooper, after Abraham Wivell
stipple engraving, published 1820
NPG D33363

D10809

Caroline Amelia Elizabeth of Brunswick

by and published by Richard Dighton
etching, published 1820
NPG D10809

D11321

Caroline Amelia Elizabeth of Brunswick

by and published by William Say, after Arthur William Devis
mezzotint, published 1820
NPG D11321

D17911

Steward's Court of the Manor of Torre Devon

attributed to Theodore Lane, published by George Humphrey
etching, published December 1820
NPG D17911

D17912a

The Saint! (Bartolomeo Pergami; Caroline Amelia Elizabeth of Brunswick)

attributed to Theodore Lane, published by George Humphrey
etching, published 9 December 1820
NPG D17912a

D17928

The Time Piece! & Cunning Jack o' both sides

possibly by (Isaac) Robert Cruikshank, published by George Humphrey
etching, published June 1820
NPG D17928

D10847

A Wooden Substitute, or Any Port in a Storm

attributed to Theodore Lane, published by George Humphrey
coloured etching, published 19 January 1821
NPG D10847

D8094

The Man of the Woods & the Cat-o'-mountain (Sir Matthew Wood, Bt; Caroline Amelia Elizabeth of Brunswick)

attributed to Theodore Lane, published by George Humphrey
hand-coloured etching, published 27 March 1821
NPG D8094

D17898a

'Tent-ation.' (Caroline Amelia Elizabeth of Brunswick; Bartolomeo Pergami)

attributed to Theodore Lane, published by George Humphrey
etching, published 25 June 1821
NPG D17898a

D17900

Grand Entrance to Bamboozl'em

attributed to Theodore Lane, published by George Humphrey
etching, published February 1821
NPG D17900

D17902

The Royal Extinguisher, or the King of Brobdingnag & the Lilliputians

by George Cruikshank, published by George Humphrey
etching, published 7 April 1821
NPG D17902

D17903a

An Arm-Full of Love (Caroline Amelia Elizabeth of Brunswick; Bartolomeo Pergami)

attributed to Theodore Lane, published by George Humphrey
etching, published 30 April 1821
NPG D17903a

D17904a

Returning Justice lifts aloft her Scale

attributed to Theodore Lane, published by George Humphrey
etching, published 1 June 1821
NPG D17904a

D17903b

Mother Cole (Caroline Amelia Elizabeth of Brunswick; Sir Matthew Wood, 1st Bt)

attributed to Theodore Lane, published by George Humphrey
etching, published 26 July 1821
NPG D17903b

D17904b

A parting Hug at St Omer!

attributed to Theodore Lane, published by George Humphrey
etching, published 1 June 1821
NPG D17904b

D17905

Lucifera's Procession. Fairy-Queen

attributed to Theodore Lane, published by George Humphrey
etching, published 12 May 1821
NPG D17905

D17906a

A Wooden Substitute, or Any Port in a Storm

attributed to Theodore Lane, published by George Humphrey
etching, published 19 January 1821
NPG D17906a

D17906b

The Choice of Hercules (Bartolomeo Pergami; Caroline Amelia Elizabeth of Brunswick)

attributed to Theodore Lane, published by George Humphrey
etching, published 24 May 1821
NPG D17906b

D17907a

Design for a New Coat of Arms. Dedicated to Mothers Wood, Windsor & Co. & all the Fancy Queens.

attributed to Theodore Lane, published by George Humphrey
etching, published 1 May 1821
NPG D17907a

D17908

Delicious Dreams!

attributed to Theodore Lane, published by George Humphrey
etching, published 30 April 1821
NPG D17908

D17909a

Modesty! (Bartolomeo Pergami; Caroline Amelia Elizabeth of Brunswick)

attributed to Theodore Lane, published by George Humphrey
etching, published 7 June 1821
NPG D17909a

D17910

The Effusions of a Troubled Brain, or Evil communications corrupt good Manners

attributed to Theodore Lane, published by George Humphrey
etching, published 10 July 1821
NPG D17910