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Caroline Amelia Elizabeth of Brunswick

(1768-1821), Queen of George IV

Sitter in 94 portraits
Married George, Prince of Wales in 1795 but he was already secretly married to Mrs Fitzherbert. He abandoned her after the birth of their daughter Princess Charlotte. Caroline repaid her husband by leading a life of bawdy behaviour, travelling to Tunis and Constantinople. Following her husband's accession as King George IV, she claimed her rights as Queen in 1820. A Cabinet including Lords Liverpool, Sidmouth, and Castlereagh immediately launched Parliamentary proceedings against her for adultery. In July 1821 she was refused entry to George IV's coronation and died a fortnight later of shock. Her body was shipped back to Brunswick, her birthplace.

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'The Jersey smuggler detected; - or - good cause for (separation) discontent', by James Gillray, published by  Hannah Humphrey - NPG D13023

'The Jersey smuggler detected; - or - good cause for (separation) discontent'

by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
hand-coloured etching, published 24 May 1796
NPG D13023

'The bridal night', by James Gillray, published by  Hannah Humphrey - NPG D12613

'The bridal night'

by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
hand-coloured etching, engraving and aquatint, published 18 May 1797
NPG D12613

King George IV; Caroline Amelia Elizabeth of Brunswick, by Michael Sloane, published by  Luigi Schiavonetti, after  Richard Cosway - NPG D20038

King George IV; Caroline Amelia Elizabeth of Brunswick

by Michael Sloane, published by Luigi Schiavonetti, after Richard Cosway
stipple engraving, published 12 April 1797
NPG D20038

Princess Charlotte Augusta of Wales; Caroline Amelia Elizabeth of Brunswick, by Francesco Bartolozzi, after  Richard Cosway - NPG D10848

Princess Charlotte Augusta of Wales; Caroline Amelia Elizabeth of Brunswick

by Francesco Bartolozzi, after Richard Cosway
stipple engraving, published 1799
NPG D10848

Caroline Amelia Elizabeth of Brunswick, after Unknown artist - NPG D8091

Caroline Amelia Elizabeth of Brunswick

after Unknown artist
hand-coloured stipple engraving, early 19th century
NPG D8091

Caroline Amelia Elizabeth of Brunswick, after Unknown artist - NPG D8093

Caroline Amelia Elizabeth of Brunswick

after Unknown artist
coloured engraving, early 19th century
NPG D8093

Caroline Amelia Elizabeth of Brunswick, by Marie Anne Bourlier, published by  Edward Harding, after  Sir William Beechey - NPG D33360

Caroline Amelia Elizabeth of Brunswick

by Marie Anne Bourlier, published by Edward Harding, after Sir William Beechey
stipple engraving, published 19 May 1806
NPG D33360

R-y-l Condescension - or a Foreign Minister admonished! - April 1817, by George Cruikshank, published by  George Humphrey - NPG D17897

R-y-l Condescension - or a Foreign Minister admonished! - April 1817

by George Cruikshank, published by George Humphrey
etching, published 15 September 1817
NPG D17897

A R-Y-L Visit to a Foreign Capital or, The Ambassador not at home - !! - April 1817, by George Cruikshank, published by  George Humphrey - NPG D17899

A R-Y-L Visit to a Foreign Capital or, The Ambassador not at home - !! - April 1817

by George Cruikshank, published by George Humphrey
etching, published 15 September 1817
NPG D17899

Caroline Amelia Elizabeth of Brunswick, by and published by Henry Meyer, after  James Lonsdale - NPG D33361

Caroline Amelia Elizabeth of Brunswick

by and published by Henry Meyer, after James Lonsdale
stipple and line engraving, published 27 November 1820
NPG D33361

Caroline Amelia Elizabeth of Brunswick, by and published by Henry Meyer, after  James Lonsdale - NPG D33362

Caroline Amelia Elizabeth of Brunswick

by and published by Henry Meyer, after James Lonsdale
stipple and line engraving, published 27 November 1820
NPG D33362

Caroline Amelia Elizabeth of Brunswick, by Robert Cooper, after  Abraham Wivell - NPG D33363

Caroline Amelia Elizabeth of Brunswick

by Robert Cooper, after Abraham Wivell
stipple engraving, published 1820
NPG D33363

Caroline Amelia Elizabeth of Brunswick, by and published by Richard Dighton - NPG D10809

Caroline Amelia Elizabeth of Brunswick

by and published by Richard Dighton
etching, published 1820
NPG D10809

How to get Un-married, - Ay, there's the Rub!, by J. Lewis Marks - NPG D1386

How to get Un-married, - Ay, there's the Rub!

by J. Lewis Marks
coloured etching, published 1820
NPG D1386

Caroline Amelia Elizabeth of Brunswick, by and published by William Say, after  Arthur William Devis - NPG D11321

Caroline Amelia Elizabeth of Brunswick

by and published by William Say, after Arthur William Devis
mezzotint, published 1820
NPG D11321

Steward's Court of the Manor of Torre Devon, attributed to Theodore Lane, published by  George Humphrey - NPG D17911

Steward's Court of the Manor of Torre Devon

attributed to Theodore Lane, published by George Humphrey
etching, published December 1820
NPG D17911

The Saint! (Bartolomeo Pergami; Caroline Amelia Elizabeth of Brunswick), attributed to Theodore Lane, published by  George Humphrey - NPG D17912a

The Saint! (Bartolomeo Pergami; Caroline Amelia Elizabeth of Brunswick)

attributed to Theodore Lane, published by George Humphrey
etching, published 9 December 1820
NPG D17912a

A late Arrival at Mother Wood's (Sir Matthew Wood, 1st Bt; Caroline Amelia Elizabeth of Brunswick), possibly by (Isaac) Robert Cruikshank, published by  George Humphrey - NPG D17921

A late Arrival at Mother Wood's (Sir Matthew Wood, 1st Bt; Caroline Amelia Elizabeth of Brunswick)

possibly by (Isaac) Robert Cruikshank, published by George Humphrey
etching, published 19 February 1820
NPG D17921

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