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Robert Catesby (1573-1605), Leader of the Gunpowder plot

Sitter in 8 portraits
Robert Catesby was born in Lapworth, Warwickshire, to a strongly Roman Catholic family. In 1601 he sided with the Earl of Essex in the latter's doomed rebellion. He was wounded, imprisoned and fined £3,000 for his part in this affair. Catesby was the leader of a group of Roman Catholic conspirators (the most famous of whom was Guy Fawkes) who endeavoured to blow up the Houses of Parliament on 5 November 1605. The plot was uncovered, the gunpowder defused, and Catesby was shot three days later.