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Henry Cavendish (1731-1810), Physicist

Sitter in 4 portraits
Henry Cavendish was the outstanding natural philosopher of his time. A retiring young man, he joined the Royal Society in 1758. He was elected a Fellow shortly thereafter and joined the Society's dining club. He was profoundly respected by his contemporaries in the Society and was elected to its Council in 1765. In 1764 he started conducting scientific experiments and his first paper was published two years later. These experiments covered many areas of physics, chemistry and electrical forces and many remained unpublished during his lifetime. He discovered the constitutions of water and air and is credited with the earliest accurate calculation of the force of gravity.