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(Arthur) Neville Chamberlain (1869-1940), Prime Minister; son of Joseph Chamberlain

Sitter in 45 portraits
Statesman. Conservative MP for Birmingham, 1918-40, Chamberlain was Chancellor of the Exchequer (1923-4) Minister for Health (1924-9) and Chancellor of the Exchequer in the National Government (1931-7), becoming prime minister in 1937. To avoid war in Europe, Chamberlain met with Hitler in September 1938, subsequently announcing 'peace in our time'. In March 1939, when Germany defeated Czechoslovakia, Chamberlain abandoned appeasement and introduced conscription. War was declared on 3 September 1939 following Germany's invasion of Poland and Chamberlain resigned in 1940.