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King Charles I (1600-1649), Reigned 1625-49

Sitter associated with 332 portraits
The younger, surviving son of James I and Anne of Denmark, Charles became heir to the throne on the death of his brother Henry in 1612. Charles inherited his father's belief in the 'Divine Right of Kings' and became the greatest of all British royal art patrons and collectors. His dismissal of Parliament and personal rule, however, along with his imposition of taxes and attempts to impose religious uniformity led eventually to civil war. He was defeated and tried on the charge that he 'traitorously and maliciously levied war against the present Parliament and the people therein represented', and he was executed outside the Banqueting House, Whitehall, on 30 January 1649.

List Thumbnail

3064

King Charles I

studio of Isaac Oliver
watercolour on vellum, (circa 1612)
NPG 3064

1112

King Charles I

by Unknown artist
oil on canvas, circa 1617-1620
NPG 1112

4444

King Charles I

by Gerrit van Honthorst
oil on canvas, 1628
NPG 4444

4516

King Charles I

by Unknown artist
oil on panel, 1630s
NPG 4516

1246

King Charles I

by Daniel Mytens
oil on canvas, 1631
On display in Room 5 at the National Portrait Gallery
NPG 1246

297

King Charles I

possibly after Hubert Le Sueur
bronze bust, (circa 1635)
NPG 297

843

King Charles I

after Sir Anthony Van Dyck
oil on canvas, (circa 1635-1636)
On display at Banqueting House, London
NPG 843

2137

King Charles I

after Sir Anthony Van Dyck
oil on canvas, (circa 1635-1637)
NPG 2137

1906

King Charles I

after Sir Anthony Van Dyck
oil on canvas, (circa 1635-1637)
NPG 1906

1924

King Charles I

by David Des Granges, after John Hoskins
watercolour on vellum, (circa 1645)
On display in Room 5 at the National Portrait Gallery
NPG 1924

1961

King Charles I; Sir Edward Walker

by Unknown artist
oil on canvas, circa 1650
On display in Room 5 at the National Portrait Gallery
NPG 1961

6357

King Charles I

by Unknown artist
oil on copper with 17 mica overlays, second half of 17th century
On display in Room 5 at the National Portrait Gallery
NPG 6357

4836

King Charles I

by Unknown artist
oil on canvas, late 17th century or early 18th century
NPG 4836

2189a

King Charles I

by Sir Henry Halford, 1st Bt
pencil, 1813
NPG 2189a

D25731

King Charles I

by Renold or Reginold Elstrack (Elstracke)
line engraving, early 17th century
NPG D25731

D25733

King Charles I

by Renold or Reginold Elstrack (Elstracke)
line engraving, early 17th century
NPG D25733

D25735

King Charles I when Prince of Wales

by Francis Delaram
line engraving, early 17th century
NPG D25735

D25736

King Charles I when Prince of Wales

by Simon de Passe
line engraving, early 17th century
NPG D25736

D25740

King Charles I when Prince of Wales

by Simon de Passe
line engraving, 17th century
NPG D25740

D26302

King Charles I

by Pieter de Jode I, after Sir Anthony Van Dyck
line engraving, early 17th century
NPG D26302

D26319

King Charles I

by William Marshall
line engraving, early 17th century
NPG D26319

D26359

King Charles I

by George Glover
line engraving, early to mid 17th century
NPG D26359

D26365

King Charles I and Oliver Cromwell

after Unknown artist
line engraving, 17th century
NPG D26365

D26366

King Charles I

after Unknown artist
line engraving, 17th century
NPG D26366

D26373

The Martyrdom of King Charles I

after Unknown artist
line engraving, 17th century
NPG D26373

D26384

King Charles I

after Sir Anthony Van Dyck
line engraving, 17th century
NPG D26384

D26386

King Charles I

after Unknown artist
line engraving, 17th century
NPG D26386

D18224

King Charles I

by Simon de Passe
line engraving, early 17th century
NPG D18224

D18281

King Charles I

by Unknown artist
line engraving, early 17th century
NPG D18281

D18306

King Charles I

published by Franciscus van Hoeye (Hoeius, Hoejus), after Daniel Mytens
line engraving, early 17th century
NPG D18306

D18308

King Charles I when Prince of Wales

by Simon de Passe
line engraving, early 17th century
NPG D18308

D18309

King Charles I

by Simon de Passe
line engraving, early 17th century
NPG D18309

D18310

King Charles I when Prince of Wales

by Unknown artist
line engraving, early 17th century
NPG D18310

D26337

King Charles I

after Sir Anthony Van Dyck
line engraving, 17th century
NPG D26337

D26341

King Charles I

after Unknown artist
line engraving, 17th century
NPG D26341

D26342

King Charles I

after Unknown artist
line engraving, 17th century
NPG D26342

D26349

King Charles I

probably after Sir Anthony Van Dyck
line engraving, 17th century
NPG D26349

D26372

The Execution of King Charles I

after Unknown artist
line engraving, 17th century
NPG D26372

D26385

King Charles I

after Sir Anthony Van Dyck
line engraving, 17th century
NPG D26385