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King Charles I (1600-1649), Reigned 1625-49

Sitter associated with 332 portraits
The younger, surviving son of James I and Anne of Denmark, Charles became heir to the throne on the death of his brother Henry in 1612. Charles inherited his father's belief in the 'Divine Right of Kings' and became the greatest of all British royal art patrons and collectors. His dismissal of Parliament and personal rule, however, along with his imposition of taxes and attempts to impose religious uniformity led eventually to civil war. He was defeated and tried on the charge that he 'traitorously and maliciously levied war against the present Parliament and the people therein represented', and he was executed outside the Banqueting House, Whitehall, on 30 January 1649.

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'James I and his royal progeny'

by Willem de Passe, published by John Bill, sold by Thomas Jenner
line engraving, circa 1625-1637
NPG D19378


King Charles I

by Lucas Vorsterman
line engraving, circa 1650-1675
NPG D19427


King Charles I

by William Faithorne
line engraving, 1658
NPG D18747


King Charles I

published by John Smith
mezzotint, circa 1683-1729
NPG D19412


King Charles I and his supporters

by Unknown artist
line engraving, early 18th century
NPG D19078


King Charles I

by John Faber Jr, printed and sold by Thomas Bowles Sr, after Edward Bower
mezzotint, early 18th century (1649)
NPG D19765


King Charles I

by and published by John Smith, after Sir Anthony van Dyck
mezzotint, 1718 (1636)
NPG D19262


King Charles I

by George Vertue, after Sir Anthony van Dyck
engraving, engraved 1735
NPG D19369


King Charles I when Prince of Wales

by Charles Turner, published by Samuel Woodburn, after Francis Delaram
mezzotint, 1813
NPG D20062


'James I and his royal progeny'

by Charles Turner, published by Samuel Woodburn, after Willem de Passe
mezzotint, published 1814
NPG D19477


King Charles I

by Unknown engraver
line engraving
NPG D18753