Search the Collections

Sophia Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz (1744-1818), Queen consort of George III

Sitter associated with 82 portraits
Queen of George III. The youngest daughter of Charles Louis of Mecklenberg-Strelitz, she first her future husband on 8 September 1761 and was married to him that evening. Unable to speak English and kept under the King's strict supervision, Charlotte felt alienated from both her husband and her adopted country during the initial decades of her marriage. Eventually the couple formed a strong and affectionate bond. Although she did not play much part in politics, her connections with German dukedoms made her a channel for the king's continental affairs. She had fifteen children and her popular reputation was that of unimpeachable if rather stern domesticity.

List Thumbnail

224

Sophia Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz

studio of Allan Ramsay
oil on canvas, (1761-1762)
On display in Room 14 at the National Portrait Gallery
NPG 224

6290

Sophia Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz

by Henry Bone, after Sir William Beechey
enamel on copper, 1801 (circa 1793)
On display in Room 14 at the National Portrait Gallery
NPG 6290

2788

Sophia Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz

attributed to (Isaac) Robert Cruikshank, after Henry Meyer
wash and pencil, circa 1810
NPG 2788

D9113

The Studious Fair (possibly Sophia Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz)

by Charles Spooner, after Mary Benwell (Mrs Code)
mezzotint, mid 18th century
NPG D9113

D21370

'The Five Orders of Perriwigs'

by William Hogarth
etching, published 1761
NPG D21370

D33074

Sophia Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz

by Richard Houston, published by John Bowles, and published by Robert Sayer, after Thomas Frye
mezzotint, 1761
NPG D33074

D33077

Sophia Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz

by Johann Philipp Haid, published by Johann Daniel Herz the Younger, after Unknown artist
mezzotint, after 1761
NPG D33077

D33303

'The Five Orders of Perriwigs'

by William Hogarth
etching, published 1761
NPG D33303

D8009

Sophia Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz

by Richard Houston, after Thomas Frye
mezzotint, (1762)
NPG D8009

D8010

Sophia Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz

by James Watson, after Thomas Frye
mezzotint, (1762)
NPG D8010

D11287

Sophia Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz

by Thomas Frye
mezzotint, published 24 May 1762
NPG D11287

D33075

Sophia Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz; King George IV when Prince of Wales

by Richard Houston, published by Robert Sayer, after Robert Pyle
mezzotint, mid 1760s
NPG D33075

D9111

Sophia Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz

after Unknown artist
mezzotint, late 18th century
NPG D9111

D8007

Sophia Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz

after Unknown artist
mezzotint, late 18th century
NPG D8007

D33076

Sophia Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz; Charlotte Augusta Matilda, Princess Royal

by and published by William Wynne Ryland, after Francis Cotes
line engraving, published 1770
NPG D33076

D21301

Sophia Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz

by Thomas Burke, after Angelica Kauffmann
mezzotint, published 1772
NPG D21301

D33079

Sophia Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz

by Richard Houston, after Johann Joseph Zoffany
mezzotint, 1772
NPG D33079

D16350

Sophia Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz

after Unknown artist
etching, published 1782
NPG D16350

D13052

'A new way to pay the National-Debt'

by James Gillray, published by William Holland
hand-coloured etching and engraving, published 21 April 1786
NPG D13052

D12364

'The friendly agent' (Sophia Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz; King George III; Warren Hastings; John Scott-Waring)

by James Gillray, published by Samuel William Fores
hand-coloured etching, published 9 June 1787
NPG D12364

D13060

'Ancient music'

by James Gillray, published by Samuel William Fores
hand-coloured etching, published 10 May 1787
NPG D13060

D13061

'Monstrous craws, at a new coalition feast' (Sophia Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz; King George IV; King George III)

by James Gillray, published by Samuel William Fores
etching and aquatint, published 29 May 1787
NPG D13061

D13062

'Monstrous craws, at a new coalition feast' (Sophia Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz; King George IV; King George III)

by James Gillray, published by Samuel William Fores
hand-coloured etching and aquatint, published 29 May 1787
NPG D13062

D12378

'The bow to the throne, - alias - the begging bow'

by James Gillray, published by Samuel William Fores
hand-coloured etching, published 6 May 1788
NPG D12378

D12380

'Camera-obscura'

by James Gillray, published by Samuel William Fores
hand-coloured etching and aquatint, published 9 March 1788
NPG D12380

D12381

'State-jugglers'

by James Gillray, published by Samuel William Fores
hand-coloured etching, published 16 May 1788
NPG D12381

D12383

'-Coaches'

by James Gillray, published by Samuel William Fores
hand-coloured etching, published 20 May 1788
NPG D12383

D21303

Portraits of their Majesty's & the Royal Family Viewing the Exhibition of the Royal Academy 1789

by Pietro Antonio Martini, after Johann Heinrich Ramberg
etching, published 1789
NPG D21303

D8012

Sophia Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz

after Unknown artist
mezzotint, published 1790
NPG D8012

D33073

Sophia Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz

by Joseph Collyer the Younger, after John Russell
stipple engraving, published 1791
NPG D33073

D12436

'Wierd sisters; ministers of darkness; minions of the moon'

by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
hand-coloured etching and aquatint, published 23 December 1791
NPG D12436

D12432

'The introduction'

by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
hand-coloured etching, published 22 November 1791
NPG D12432

D12433

'Frying sprats, toasting muffins' (Sophia Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz; King George III)

by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
hand-coloured etching and aquatint, published 28 November 1791
NPG D12433