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Sophia Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz (1744-1818), Queen consort of George III

Sitter associated with 82 portraits
Queen of George III. The youngest daughter of Charles Louis of Mecklenberg-Strelitz, she first her future husband on 8 September 1761 and was married to him that evening. Unable to speak English and kept under the King's strict supervision, Charlotte felt alienated from both her husband and her adopted country during the initial decades of her marriage. Eventually the couple formed a strong and affectionate bond. Although she did not play much part in politics, her connections with German dukedoms made her a channel for the king's continental affairs. She had fifteen children and her popular reputation was that of unimpeachable if rather stern domesticity.

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224

Sophia Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz

studio of Allan Ramsay
oil on canvas, (1761-1762)
On display in Room 14 at the National Portrait Gallery
NPG 224

6290

Sophia Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz

by Henry Bone, after Sir William Beechey
enamel on copper, 1801 (circa 1793)
On display in Room 14 at the National Portrait Gallery
NPG 6290

2788

Sophia Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz

attributed to (Isaac) Robert Cruikshank, after Henry Meyer
wash and pencil, circa 1810
NPG 2788

D9113

The Studious Fair (possibly Sophia Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz)

by Charles Spooner, after Mary Benwell (Mrs Code)
mezzotint, mid 18th century
NPG D9113

D21370

'The Five Orders of Perriwigs'

by William Hogarth
etching, published 1761
NPG D21370

D33074

Sophia Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz

by Richard Houston, published by John Bowles, and published by Robert Sayer, after Thomas Frye
mezzotint, 1761
NPG D33074

D33077

Sophia Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz

by Johann Philipp Haid, published by Johann Daniel Herz the Younger, after Unknown artist
mezzotint, after 1761
NPG D33077

D33303

'The Five Orders of Perriwigs'

by William Hogarth
etching, published 1761
NPG D33303

D8009

Sophia Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz

by Richard Houston, after Thomas Frye
mezzotint, (1762)
NPG D8009

D8010

Sophia Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz

by James Watson, after Thomas Frye
mezzotint, (1762)
NPG D8010

D11287

Sophia Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz

by Thomas Frye
mezzotint, published 24 May 1762
NPG D11287

D33075

Sophia Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz; King George IV when Prince of Wales

by Richard Houston, published by Robert Sayer, after Robert Pyle
mezzotint, mid 1760s
NPG D33075

D9111

Sophia Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz

after Unknown artist
mezzotint, late 18th century
NPG D9111

D8007

Sophia Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz

after Unknown artist
mezzotint, late 18th century
NPG D8007

D33076

Sophia Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz; Charlotte Augusta Matilda, Princess Royal

by and published by William Wynne Ryland, after Francis Cotes
line engraving, published 1770
NPG D33076

D21301

Sophia Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz

by Thomas Burke, after Angelica Kauffmann
mezzotint, published 1772
NPG D21301

D33079

Sophia Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz

by Richard Houston, after Johann Joseph Zoffany
mezzotint, 1772
NPG D33079

D16350

Sophia Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz

after Unknown artist
etching, published 1782
NPG D16350

D13052

'A new way to pay the National-Debt'

by James Gillray, published by William Holland
hand-coloured etching and engraving, published 21 April 1786
NPG D13052

D12364

'The friendly agent' (Sophia Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz; King George III; Warren Hastings; John Scott-Waring)

by James Gillray, published by Samuel William Fores
hand-coloured etching, published 9 June 1787
NPG D12364

D13060

'Ancient music'

by James Gillray, published by Samuel William Fores
hand-coloured etching, published 10 May 1787
NPG D13060

D13061

'Monstrous craws, at a new coalition feast' (Sophia Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz; King George IV; King George III)

by James Gillray, published by Samuel William Fores
etching and aquatint, published 29 May 1787
NPG D13061

D13062

'Monstrous craws, at a new coalition feast' (Sophia Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz; King George IV; King George III)

by James Gillray, published by Samuel William Fores
hand-coloured etching and aquatint, published 29 May 1787
NPG D13062

D12378

'The bow to the throne, - alias - the begging bow'

by James Gillray, published by Samuel William Fores
hand-coloured etching, published 6 May 1788
NPG D12378

D12380

'Camera-obscura'

by James Gillray, published by Samuel William Fores
hand-coloured etching and aquatint, published 9 March 1788
NPG D12380

D12381

'State-jugglers'

by James Gillray, published by Samuel William Fores
hand-coloured etching, published 16 May 1788
NPG D12381

D12383

'-Coaches'

by James Gillray, published by Samuel William Fores
hand-coloured etching, published 20 May 1788
NPG D12383

D21303

Portraits of their Majesty's & the Royal Family Viewing the Exhibition of the Royal Academy 1789

by Pietro Antonio Martini, after Johann Heinrich Ramberg
etching, published 1789
NPG D21303

D8012

Sophia Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz

after Unknown artist
mezzotint, published 1790
NPG D8012

D33073

Sophia Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz

by Joseph Collyer the Younger, after John Russell
stipple engraving, published 1791
NPG D33073

D12436

'Wierd sisters; ministers of darkness; minions of the moon'

by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
hand-coloured etching and aquatint, published 23 December 1791
NPG D12436

D12432

'The introduction'

by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
hand-coloured etching, published 22 November 1791
NPG D12432

D12433

'Frying sprats, toasting muffins' (Sophia Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz; King George III)

by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
hand-coloured etching and aquatint, published 28 November 1791
NPG D12433

D13074

'The hopes of the party, prior to July 14th - "From such wicked Crown & Anchor dreams, good Lord deliver us"'

by James Gillray, published by Samuel William Fores
hand-coloured etching, published 19 July 1791
NPG D13074

D12446

'Anti-saccharrites, - or - John Bull and his family leaving off the use of sugar'

by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
hand-coloured etching, published 27 March 1792
NPG D12446

D12455

'Scotch Harry's news; - or - nincumpoop in high glee'

by James Gillray, published by James Aitken
hand-coloured etching, published 23 May 1792
NPG D12455

D12456

'Vices overlook'd in the new proclamation'

by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
hand-coloured etching, published 24 May 1792
NPG D12456

D12458

'Sin, Death, and the Devil'

by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
hand-coloured etching, published 9 June 1792
NPG D12458

D12461

'Temperance enjoying a frugal meal' (Sophia Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz; King George III)

by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
hand-coloured stipple engraving, published 28 July 1792
NPG D12461

D13010

'Taking physick: - or - the news of shooting the King of Sweden!'

by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
hand-coloured etching, published 11 April 1792
NPG D13010

D13018

'Presentation of the Mahometan credentials - or - the final resource of French atheists'

by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
hand-coloured etching, published 26 December 1793
NPG D13018

D12484

'Pantagruel's victorious return to the court of Gargantua. After extirpating the soup-meagres of Bouille land'

by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
hand-coloured etching, published 10 February 1794
NPG D12484

D12515

'The lover's dream'

by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
hand-coloured etching and aquatint, published 24 January 1795
NPG D12515

D12518

'Affability' (Sophia Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz; King George III)

by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
hand-coloured etching and aquatint, published 10 February 1795
NPG D12518

D12523

'Polonius'

by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
hand-coloured etching, published 18 May 1795
NPG D12523

D12548

'The royal bull-fight'

by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
hand-coloured etching, published 21 November 1795
NPG D12548

D8015

The Marriage of his Serene Highness the Prince of Wirtemburg, to the Princess Royal of England

published by Robert Laurie, published by James Whittle
mezzotint, published 7 August 1797
NPG D8015

D39267

The Marriage of his Serene Highness the Prince of Wirtemburg, to the Princess Royal of England

published by Robert Laurie, published by James Whittle
mezzotint, published 7 August 1797
NPG D39267

D12613

'The bridal night'

by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
hand-coloured etching, engraving and aquatint, published 18 May 1797
NPG D12613

D15555

'The wedding night'

by Isaac Cruikshank, published by Samuel William Fores
hand-coloured etching, published 20 May 1797
NPG D15555

D33078

Sophia Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz

by Francesco Bartolozzi, published by Robert John Thornton, after Sir William Beechey
stipple engraving, published 1799
NPG D33078

D8013

Sophia Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz

after Unknown artist
mezzotint, published 1799
NPG D8013

D11387

Sophia Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz

by William Say, after Arthur William Devis
mezzotint, circa 1803-1834
NPG D11387