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Sophia Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz

(1744-1818), Queen consort of George III

Sitter associated with 83 portraits
Queen of George III. The youngest daughter of Charles Louis of Mecklenberg-Strelitz, she first her future husband on 8 September 1761 and was married to him that evening. Unable to speak English and kept under the King's strict supervision, Charlotte felt alienated from both her husband and her adopted country during the initial decades of her marriage. Eventually the couple formed a strong and affectionate bond. Although she did not play much part in politics, her connections with German dukedoms made her a channel for the king's continental affairs. She had fifteen children and her popular reputation was that of unimpeachable if rather stern domesticity.

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Sophia Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz, studio of Allan Ramsay - NPG 224

Sophia Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz

studio of Allan Ramsay
oil on canvas, (1761-1762)
On display in Room 14 at the National Portrait Gallery
NPG 224

Sophia Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz, by Henry Bone, after  Sir William Beechey - NPG 6290

Sophia Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz

by Henry Bone, after Sir William Beechey
enamel on copper, 1801 (circa 1793)
On display in Room 14 at the National Portrait Gallery
NPG 6290

Sophia Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz, attributed to (Isaac) Robert Cruikshank, after  Henry Meyer - NPG 2788

Sophia Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz

attributed to (Isaac) Robert Cruikshank, after Henry Meyer
wash and pencil, circa 1810
NPG 2788

The Studious Fair (possibly Sophia Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz), by Charles Spooner, after  Mary Benwell (Mrs Code) - NPG D9113

The Studious Fair (possibly Sophia Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz)

by Charles Spooner, after Mary Benwell (Mrs Code)
mezzotint, mid 18th century
NPG D9113

'The Five Orders of Perriwigs', by William Hogarth - NPG D21370

'The Five Orders of Perriwigs'

by William Hogarth
etching, published 1761
NPG D21370

Sophia Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz, by Richard Houston, published by  John Bowles, and published by  Robert Sayer, after  Thomas Frye - NPG D33074

Sophia Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz

by Richard Houston, published by John Bowles, and published by Robert Sayer, after Thomas Frye
mezzotint, 1761
NPG D33074

Sophia Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz, by Johann Philipp Haid, published by  Johann Daniel Herz the Younger, after  Unknown artist - NPG D33077

Sophia Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz

by Johann Philipp Haid, published by Johann Daniel Herz the Younger, after Unknown artist
mezzotint, after 1761
NPG D33077

'The Five Orders of Perriwigs', by William Hogarth - NPG D33303

'The Five Orders of Perriwigs'

by William Hogarth
etching, published 1761
NPG D33303

Sophia Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz, by Richard Houston, after  Thomas Frye - NPG D8009

Sophia Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz

by Richard Houston, after Thomas Frye
mezzotint, (1762)
NPG D8009

Sophia Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz, by James Watson, after  Thomas Frye - NPG D8010

Sophia Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz

by James Watson, after Thomas Frye
mezzotint, (1762)
NPG D8010

Sophia Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz, by Thomas Frye - NPG D11287

Sophia Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz

by Thomas Frye
mezzotint, published 24 May 1762
NPG D11287

Sophia Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz; King George IV when Prince of Wales, by Richard Houston, published by  Robert Sayer, after  Robert Pyle - NPG D33075

Sophia Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz; King George IV when Prince of Wales

by Richard Houston, published by Robert Sayer, after Robert Pyle
mezzotint, mid 1760s
NPG D33075

Sophia Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz, after Unknown artist - NPG D9111

Sophia Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz

after Unknown artist
mezzotint, late 18th century
NPG D9111

Sophia Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz, after Unknown artist - NPG D8007

Sophia Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz

after Unknown artist
mezzotint, late 18th century
NPG D8007

Sophia Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz; Charlotte Augusta Matilda, Princess Royal, by and published by William Wynne Ryland, after  Francis Cotes - NPG D33076

Sophia Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz; Charlotte Augusta Matilda, Princess Royal

by and published by William Wynne Ryland, after Francis Cotes
line engraving, published 1770
NPG D33076

Sophia Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz, by Thomas Burke, after  Angelica Kauffmann - NPG D21301

Sophia Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz

by Thomas Burke, after Angelica Kauffmann
mezzotint, published 1772
NPG D21301

Sophia Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz, by Richard Houston, after  Johann Joseph Zoffany - NPG D33079

Sophia Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz

by Richard Houston, after Johann Joseph Zoffany
mezzotint, 1772
NPG D33079

Sophia Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz, after Unknown artist - NPG D16350

Sophia Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz

after Unknown artist
etching, published 1782
NPG D16350

'A new way to pay the National-Debt', by James Gillray, published by  William Holland - NPG D13052

'A new way to pay the National-Debt'

by James Gillray, published by William Holland
hand-coloured etching and engraving, published 21 April 1786
NPG D13052

'The friendly agent' (Sophia Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz; King George III; Warren Hastings; John Scott-Waring), by James Gillray, published by  Samuel William Fores - NPG D12364

'The friendly agent' (Sophia Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz; King George III; Warren Hastings; John Scott-Waring)

by James Gillray, published by Samuel William Fores
hand-coloured etching, published 9 June 1787
NPG D12364

'Ancient music', by James Gillray, published by  Samuel William Fores - NPG D13060

'Ancient music'

by James Gillray, published by Samuel William Fores
hand-coloured etching, published 10 May 1787
NPG D13060

'Monstrous craws, at a new coalition feast' (Sophia Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz; King George IV; King George III), by James Gillray, published by  Samuel William Fores - NPG D13061

'Monstrous craws, at a new coalition feast' (Sophia Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz; King George IV; King George III)

by James Gillray, published by Samuel William Fores
etching and aquatint, published 29 May 1787
NPG D13061

'Monstrous craws, at a new coalition feast' (Sophia Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz; King George IV; King George III), by James Gillray, published by  Samuel William Fores - NPG D13062

'Monstrous craws, at a new coalition feast' (Sophia Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz; King George IV; King George III)

by James Gillray, published by Samuel William Fores
hand-coloured etching and aquatint, published 29 May 1787
NPG D13062

'The bow to the throne, - alias - the begging bow', by James Gillray, published by  Samuel William Fores - NPG D12378

'The bow to the throne, - alias - the begging bow'

by James Gillray, published by Samuel William Fores
hand-coloured etching, published 6 May 1788
NPG D12378

'Camera-obscura', by James Gillray, published by  Samuel William Fores - NPG D12380

'Camera-obscura'

by James Gillray, published by Samuel William Fores
hand-coloured etching and aquatint, published 9 March 1788
NPG D12380

'State-jugglers', by James Gillray, published by  Samuel William Fores - NPG D12381

'State-jugglers'

by James Gillray, published by Samuel William Fores
hand-coloured etching, published 16 May 1788
NPG D12381

'-Coaches', by James Gillray, published by  Samuel William Fores - NPG D12383

'-Coaches'

by James Gillray, published by Samuel William Fores
hand-coloured etching, published 20 May 1788
NPG D12383

Portraits of their Majesty's & the Royal Family Viewing the Exhibition of the Royal Academy 1789, by Pietro Antonio Martini, after  Johann Heinrich Ramberg - NPG D21303

Portraits of their Majesty's & the Royal Family Viewing the Exhibition of the Royal Academy 1789

by Pietro Antonio Martini, after Johann Heinrich Ramberg
etching, published 1789
NPG D21303

Sophia Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz, after Unknown artist - NPG D8012

Sophia Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz

after Unknown artist
mezzotint, published 1790
NPG D8012

Sophia Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz, by Joseph Collyer the Younger, after  John Russell - NPG D33073

Sophia Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz

by Joseph Collyer the Younger, after John Russell
stipple engraving, published 1791
NPG D33073

'Wierd sisters; ministers of darkness; minions of the moon', by James Gillray, published by  Hannah Humphrey - NPG D12436

'Wierd sisters; ministers of darkness; minions of the moon'

by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
hand-coloured etching and aquatint, published 23 December 1791
NPG D12436

'The introduction', by James Gillray, published by  Hannah Humphrey - NPG D12432

'The introduction'

by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
hand-coloured etching, published 22 November 1791
NPG D12432

'Frying sprats, toasting muffins' (Sophia Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz; King George III), by James Gillray, published by  Hannah Humphrey - NPG D12433

'Frying sprats, toasting muffins' (Sophia Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz; King George III)

by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
hand-coloured etching and aquatint, published 28 November 1791
NPG D12433

'The hopes of the party, prior to July 14th - "From such wicked Crown & Anchor dreams, good Lord deliver us"', by James Gillray, published by  Samuel William Fores - NPG D13074

'The hopes of the party, prior to July 14th - "From such wicked Crown & Anchor dreams, good Lord deliver us"'

by James Gillray, published by Samuel William Fores
hand-coloured etching, published 19 July 1791
NPG D13074

'Anti-saccharrites, - or - John Bull and his family leaving off the use of sugar', by James Gillray, published by  Hannah Humphrey - NPG D12446

'Anti-saccharrites, - or - John Bull and his family leaving off the use of sugar'

by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
hand-coloured etching, published 27 March 1792
NPG D12446

'Scotch Harry's news; - or - nincumpoop in high glee', by James Gillray, published by  James Aitken - NPG D12455

'Scotch Harry's news; - or - nincumpoop in high glee'

by James Gillray, published by James Aitken
hand-coloured etching, published 23 May 1792
NPG D12455

'Vices overlook'd in the new proclamation', by James Gillray, published by  Hannah Humphrey - NPG D12456

'Vices overlook'd in the new proclamation'

by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
hand-coloured etching, published 24 May 1792
NPG D12456

'Sin, Death, and the Devil', by James Gillray, published by  Hannah Humphrey - NPG D12458

'Sin, Death, and the Devil'

by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
hand-coloured etching, published 9 June 1792
NPG D12458

'Temperance enjoying a frugal meal' (Sophia Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz; King George III), by James Gillray, published by  Hannah Humphrey - NPG D12461

'Temperance enjoying a frugal meal' (Sophia Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz; King George III)

by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
hand-coloured stipple engraving, published 28 July 1792
NPG D12461

'Taking physick: - or - the news of shooting the King of Sweden!', by James Gillray, published by  Hannah Humphrey - NPG D13010

'Taking physick: - or - the news of shooting the King of Sweden!'

by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
hand-coloured etching, published 11 April 1792
NPG D13010

'Presentation of the Mahometan credentials - or - the final resource of French atheists', by James Gillray, published by  Hannah Humphrey - NPG D13018

'Presentation of the Mahometan credentials - or - the final resource of French atheists'

by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
hand-coloured etching, published 26 December 1793
NPG D13018

'Pantagruel's victorious return to the court of Gargantua.  After extirpating the soup-meagres of Bouille land', by James Gillray, published by  Hannah Humphrey - NPG D12484

'Pantagruel's victorious return to the court of Gargantua. After extirpating the soup-meagres of Bouille land'

by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
hand-coloured etching, published 10 February 1794
NPG D12484

'The lover's dream', by James Gillray, published by  Hannah Humphrey - NPG D12515

'The lover's dream'

by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
hand-coloured etching and aquatint, published 24 January 1795
NPG D12515

'Affability' (Sophia Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz; King George III), by James Gillray, published by  Hannah Humphrey - NPG D12518

'Affability' (Sophia Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz; King George III)

by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
hand-coloured etching and aquatint, published 10 February 1795
NPG D12518

'Polonius', by James Gillray, published by  Hannah Humphrey - NPG D12523

'Polonius'

by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
hand-coloured etching, published 18 May 1795
NPG D12523

'The royal bull-fight', by James Gillray, published by  Hannah Humphrey - NPG D12548

'The royal bull-fight'

by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
hand-coloured etching, published 21 November 1795
NPG D12548

The Marriage of his Serene Highness the Prince of Wirtemburg, to the Princess Royal of England, published by Robert Laurie, published by  James Whittle - NPG D8015

The Marriage of his Serene Highness the Prince of Wirtemburg, to the Princess Royal of England

published by Robert Laurie, published by James Whittle
mezzotint, published 7 August 1797
NPG D8015

The Marriage of his Serene Highness the Prince of Wirtemburg, to the Princess Royal of England, published by Robert Laurie, published by  James Whittle - NPG D39267

The Marriage of his Serene Highness the Prince of Wirtemburg, to the Princess Royal of England

published by Robert Laurie, published by James Whittle
mezzotint, published 7 August 1797
NPG D39267

'The bridal night', by James Gillray, published by  Hannah Humphrey - NPG D12613

'The bridal night'

by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
hand-coloured etching, engraving and aquatint, published 18 May 1797
NPG D12613

'The wedding night', by Isaac Cruikshank, published by  Samuel William Fores - NPG D15555

'The wedding night'

by Isaac Cruikshank, published by Samuel William Fores
hand-coloured etching, published 20 May 1797
NPG D15555

Sophia Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz, by Henry Bone, after  Sir William Beechey - NPG D17380

Sophia Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz

by Henry Bone, after Sir William Beechey
pencil drawing squared in ink for transfer, 1799 (1796)
NPG D17380

Sophia Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz, by Francesco Bartolozzi, published by  Robert John Thornton, after  Sir William Beechey - NPG D33078

Sophia Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz

by Francesco Bartolozzi, published by Robert John Thornton, after Sir William Beechey
stipple engraving, published 1799
NPG D33078

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