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Sophia Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz

(1744-1818), Queen consort of George III

Sitter associated with 83 portraits
Queen of George III. The youngest daughter of Charles Louis of Mecklenberg-Strelitz, she first her future husband on 8 September 1761 and was married to him that evening. Unable to speak English and kept under the King's strict supervision, Charlotte felt alienated from both her husband and her adopted country during the initial decades of her marriage. Eventually the couple formed a strong and affectionate bond. Although she did not play much part in politics, her connections with German dukedoms made her a channel for the king's continental affairs. She had fifteen children and her popular reputation was that of unimpeachable if rather stern domesticity.

Watch a film clip on the sitter from the BBC Archive in the Media section below

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Sophia Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz; Charlotte Augusta Matilda, Princess Royal, by and published by William Wynne Ryland, after  Francis Cotes - NPG D33076

Sophia Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz; Charlotte Augusta Matilda, Princess Royal

by and published by William Wynne Ryland, after Francis Cotes
line engraving, published 1770
NPG D33076

Sophia Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz, by Thomas Burke, after  Angelica Kauffmann - NPG D21301

Sophia Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz

by Thomas Burke, after Angelica Kauffmann
mezzotint, published 1772
NPG D21301

Sophia Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz, by Richard Houston, after  Johan Joseph Zoffany - NPG D33079

Sophia Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz

by Richard Houston, after Johan Joseph Zoffany
mezzotint, 1772
NPG D33079

Sophia Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz, after Unknown artist - NPG D16350

Sophia Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz

after Unknown artist
etching, published 1782
NPG D16350

'A new way to pay the National-Debt', by James Gillray, published by  William Holland - NPG D13052

'A new way to pay the National-Debt'

by James Gillray, published by William Holland
hand-coloured etching and engraving, published 21 April 1786
NPG D13052

'The friendly agent' (Sophia Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz; King George III; Warren Hastings; John Scott-Waring), by James Gillray, published by  Samuel William Fores - NPG D12364

'The friendly agent' (Sophia Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz; King George III; Warren Hastings; John Scott-Waring)

by James Gillray, published by Samuel William Fores
hand-coloured etching, published 9 June 1787
NPG D12364

'Ancient music', by James Gillray, published by  Samuel William Fores - NPG D13060

'Ancient music'

by James Gillray, published by Samuel William Fores
hand-coloured etching, published 10 May 1787
NPG D13060

'Monstrous craws, at a new coalition feast' (Sophia Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz; King George IV; King George III), by James Gillray, published by  Samuel William Fores - NPG D13061

'Monstrous craws, at a new coalition feast' (Sophia Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz; King George IV; King George III)

by James Gillray, published by Samuel William Fores
etching and aquatint, published 29 May 1787
NPG D13061

'Monstrous craws, at a new coalition feast' (Sophia Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz; King George IV; King George III), by James Gillray, published by  Samuel William Fores - NPG D13062

'Monstrous craws, at a new coalition feast' (Sophia Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz; King George IV; King George III)

by James Gillray, published by Samuel William Fores
hand-coloured etching and aquatint, published 29 May 1787
NPG D13062

'The bow to the throne, - alias - the begging bow', by James Gillray, published by  Samuel William Fores - NPG D12378

'The bow to the throne, - alias - the begging bow'

by James Gillray, published by Samuel William Fores
hand-coloured etching, published 6 May 1788
NPG D12378

'Camera-obscura', by James Gillray, published by  Samuel William Fores - NPG D12380

'Camera-obscura'

by James Gillray, published by Samuel William Fores
hand-coloured etching and aquatint, published 9 March 1788
NPG D12380

'State-jugglers', by James Gillray, published by  Samuel William Fores - NPG D12381

'State-jugglers'

by James Gillray, published by Samuel William Fores
hand-coloured etching, published 16 May 1788
NPG D12381

'-Coaches', by James Gillray, published by  Samuel William Fores - NPG D12383

'-Coaches'

by James Gillray, published by Samuel William Fores
hand-coloured etching, published 20 May 1788
NPG D12383

Portraits of their Majesty's & the Royal Family Viewing the Exhibition of the Royal Academy 1789, by Pietro Antonio Martini, after  Johann Heinrich Ramberg - NPG D21303

Portraits of their Majesty's & the Royal Family Viewing the Exhibition of the Royal Academy 1789

by Pietro Antonio Martini, after Johann Heinrich Ramberg
etching, published 1789
NPG D21303

Sophia Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz, after Unknown artist - NPG D8012

Sophia Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz

after Unknown artist
mezzotint, published 1790
NPG D8012

Sophia Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz, by Joseph Collyer the Younger, after  John Russell - NPG D33073

Sophia Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz

by Joseph Collyer the Younger, after John Russell
stipple engraving, published 1791
NPG D33073

'Wierd sisters; ministers of darkness; minions of the moon', by James Gillray, published by  Hannah Humphrey - NPG D12436

'Wierd sisters; ministers of darkness; minions of the moon'

by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
hand-coloured etching and aquatint, published 23 December 1791
NPG D12436

'The introduction', by James Gillray, published by  Hannah Humphrey - NPG D12432

'The introduction'

by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
hand-coloured etching, published 22 November 1791
NPG D12432

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